The Crown is the permanent body in British Politics that, in theory, is the supreme power of the state. The Crown is the formal head of the executive, the legislative and the judiciary. All acts of state are done in the name of the Crown. In Britain, succession to the throne is determined by the 1701 Act of Settlement.
Category History Podcasts
The Soviet Army The Soviet Army was the military backbone of the Warsaw Pact. In 1975 Christopher Foss described the Soviet Army as “the most powerful in the world, both in terms of men and equipment.” How accurate this assessment was when compared to the US and Chinese armies is difficult to know but few would have denied that the Soviet Army was a formidable force.
The United Nations began life as a result of a secret meeting on board the warship “Prince of Wales” which was moored off of the coast of Newfoundland in August 1941. The United Nations came from a meeting was between F D Roosevelt and Winston Churchill. At this time America was not in World War Two though she was giving help to the Allies as a result of Lend-Lease.
Guy Burgess, who along with Donald Maclean, Anthony Blunt and Kim Philby formed the 'Cambridge Four', was a British-born Soviet spy who was active during World War Two and the Cold War. For years the treachery of Burgess went unnoticed but warned of his imminent arrest in 1951, he fled to the USSR. Guy Burgess was born in 1911 in Devonport, Devon.
Nasser having nationalised the Suez Canal waited to see what would happen. Nasser confidently predicted that Britain would not use military force to reclaim the Suez Canal and that diplomacy would not work. Therefore he concluded that his gamble over the Suez Canal had worked. On August 8 th ,1956 Anthony Eden went on television to explain his policy towards Egypt.
World War Two was the first war to see the concerted use of rockets - be they rockets fired at civilians such as the V1 and V2, rockets fired from planes at trains etc as was seen so clearly in the early days after D-Day in June 1944 and rocket systems such as the Katyusha used to support the infantry by the Russians in their advance to Berlin.
Events in Egypt, the nationalisation of the Suez Canal and the increasing heroic status of Nasser, made conflict looked inevitable. On November 3 rd 1956, Anthony Eden prepared to address the nation. By now it was clear to those around him, that Eden's health was suffering. The director of the broadcast, David Attenborough, stated “He looked dreadful, very ill.
The Balfour Declaration was a short letter by Arthur Balfour to arguably one of the most influential Jewish families - the Rothschild's. It was assumed that the letter gave the British government's support to the creation of a Jewish homeland. Foreign Office November 2nd, 1917 Dear Lord Rothschild, I have much pleasure in conveying to you on behalf of His Majesty's government, the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been submitted to, and approved, by the Cabinet: His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.
Donald Maclean was one of the infamous British men of the 1950's. Maclean was born into privilege but worked as a spy for the Soviet Union. Maclean was the son of a Cabinet minister but chose to betray his country during the Cold War. Few mourned his death in 1983. Donald Maclean was born in 1913. He was privately educated at Gresham's School and from here went to Trinity College, Cambridge in 1931.
The formal stages of the American election for 2008 started in Iowa in January. However, as with all American elections a great deal of work had gone into the whole election process in 2007 when potential party candidates set about promoting themselves so that their profile was increased at a national level.
David Ben-Gurion was the first Prime Minister of Israel, and, therefore a leading figure in recent Middle East history. Ben-Gurion was born in 1886 in Plonsk in Russian Poland. He emigrated to what was then known as Palestine in 1906. In Palestine, Ben-Gurion worked in farming settlements and became an enthusiastic supporter of Zionism.
The election in America - held on November 4 th 2008 - resulted in the first non-white American being elected as President - Barack Obama. As the November election loomed nearer, many of the polls predicted a win for Obama over his Republican rival John McCain. These polls were right but few predicted the extent of the victory if Electoral College seats are taken into consideration as opposed to the number of people who voted for each candidate.
While there were a number of candidates at the start of the Republican Party's primaries in January 2008, the three strongest were John McCain, Mike Huckabee and Mitt Romney. Whereas the Democrat Party primaries were to go their full distance, the Republican Party was in a position to call a halt to its primary season by the first week of March when John McCain was declared the party's nomination for the November 2008 presidential election.
The Congress that will come into being after the November 2006 Midterms will be dominated by the Democrats who will hold a healthy majority in the House of Representatives and a slender majority in the Senate if the two Independents stay on the side of the Democrats. President Bush described the impact of the midterms on the Republicans as a “thumping” but that the results will be a “great opportunity” for America to see both President and Congress working together for the betterment of America.
The Red Army was Mao's lifeline during such incidents as the Long March. Without the dedication of those people in the Red Army, the Chinese Communist Party would have collapsed in the late 1920's and 1930's. The Red Army was formed after Mao had led his followers into the mountains on the Hunan-Jiangxi border.
The Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) was established in May 1964 in Jordan. The Palestine Liberation Organisation was a group that sort to combine various Arab organisations under one banner. The PLO's primary objective was to gain (though from their point of view regain) the land handed by the United Nations to Israel.
The 2006 Midterm elections held in America proved to be a bloody nose for the Republican Party. On November 6 th 2006, the Republican Party held a majority in both the House and Senate. By November 8 th , the Democrats had a majority in both the House of Representatives and the Senate. With two years left for his presidency, George W Bush will have to work with a Democrat Congress.
After the midterms of November 2006, the Democrats, with control of the House and Senate, appear to be in the ascendancy in Congress. The electorate of America seemingly made a stand against a 'do-nothing' Republican Congress. Now the Democrats will control both houses and will have the pick of the chairs on Congressional committees.
The Japan-China War started in July 1937 when the Japanese claimed that they were fired on by Chinese troops at the Marco Polo Bridge near Beijing. Using this as an excuse, the Japanese launched a full-scale invasion of China using the conquered Manchuria as a launching base for their troops. The Japanese came up against little organised resistance.
Margaret Thatcher was Britain's Prime Minister at the time of the Falklands War. It was Margaret Thatcher who ordered the Task Force to reclaim the Falklands and to many in Britain, she epitomised the so-called 'Falklands Spirit'. Margaret Thatcher (née Roberts) was born on October 13 th , 1925 in Grantham, Lincolnshire.