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Camden - History


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Narrative of Colonel Otho Williams.

It has been observed that the direct march of the American army towards Camden and the prospect of considerable re-enforcements of militia had induced the commanding officer, Lord Rawdon, to collect there all the forces under his direction. And it is certain that the seeming confidence of the American general had inspired him with apprehensions for his principal post. Lord Cornwallis, at Charlestown, was constantly advised of the posture of affairs in the interior of the country; and, confident that Lord Rawdon could not long resist the forces that might, and probably would, be opposed to him, in a very short time resolved to march himself, with a considerable re-enforcement, to Camden. He arrived on [August] 14th and had the discernment at once to perceive that delay would render that situation dangerous even to his whole force; the disaffection from his late assumed, arbitrary and vindictive power having become general through all the country above General Gates' line of march, as well as to the eastward of Santee and to the westward of Wateree Rivers. He, therefore, took the resolution of attacking the never constituted American army in their open irregular encampment at Clermont. Both armies, ignorant of each other's intentions, moved about the same hour of the same night and, approaching each other, met about half way between their respective encampments at midnight.

The first revelation of this new and unexpected scene was occasioned by smart, mutual salutation of small arms between the advanced guards. Some the cavalry of Armand's legion were wounded, retreated and threw the
whole corps into disorder; which, recoiling suddenly on the front of the column of infantry, disordered the First Maryland Brigade and occasioned a general consternation through the whole line of the army. The light infantry under Porterfield, however, executed their orders gallantly; and the enemy, no less astonished than ourselves, seemed to acquiesce in a sudden suspension of hostilities.

Some prisoners were taken on both sides. From one of these, the deputy adjutant general of the American army extorted information respecting the in ration and numbers of the enemy. He informed that Lord Cornwallis commanded in person about three thousand regular British troops, which were in line of march, about five or six hundred yards in front. Order was soon restored in the corps of infantry in the American army, and the officers were employed in forming a front line of battle when the deputy adjutant general communicated to General Gates the information which he had from the prisonddr. The general's astonishment could not be concealed. He ordered the deputy adjutant general to call another council of war. All the general officers immediately assembled in the rear of the line. The unwelcome news was communicated to them.

General Gates said, "Gentlemen, what is best to be done? "

All were mute for a few moments, when the gallant Stevens exclaimed, . "Gentlemen, is it not too late now to do any thing but fight? "

No other advice was offered, and the general desired the gentlemen would repair to their respective commands.

The Baron de Kalb's opinion may be inferred from the following fact; When the deputy adjutant general went to call him to council, he first told him what had been discovered. "Well," said the baron, "and has the general given you orders to retreat the army?" The baron, however, did not oppose the suggestion of General Stevens, and every measure that ensued was preparatory for action.

Lieutenant Colonel Porterfield, in whose bravery and judicious conduct great dependence was placed, received in the first rencontre a mortal wound (as it long afterwards proved) and was obliged to retire. His infantry braver. kept the ground in front; and the American army were formed in the following order: The Maryland division, including the Delawares, on the right-the North Carolina militia in the center—and the Virginia militia on the left. ~ happened that each flank was covered by a marsh, so near as to admit the of moving of the First Maryland Brigade to form a second line, about two hu dred yards in the rear of the first. The artillery was removed from the cent. of the brigades and placed in the center of the front line; and the North Carolina militia (light infantry) under Major Armstrong, which had retreated to the first rencontre, was ordered to cover a small interval between the left I
wing and the swampy grounds on that quarter. |

Frequent skirmishes happened during the night between the advanced parties—which served to discover the relative situations of the two armies and as a prelude to what was to take place in the morning.

At dawn of day (on the morning of the ~6th of August) the enemy as peered in front, advancing in column. Captain Singleton, who commanded some pieces of artillery, observed to Colonel Williams that he plainly received the ground of the British uniform at about two hundred yards in front. The deputy adjutant general immediately ordered Captain Singleton to open his battery, and then rode to the general, who was in the rear of the second line, and informed him of the cause of the firing which he heard. He also observed to the general that the enemy seemed to be displaying their column by the right; the nature of the ground favored this conjecture, for yet nothing was clear.

The general seemed disposed to wait events—he gave no orders. The deputy adjutant general observed that if the enemy, in the act of displaying, were briskly attacked by General Stevens' brigade, which was already in line of battle, the effect might be fortunate, and first impressions were important

"Sir," said the general, "that's right—let it be done."

This was the last order that the deputy adjutant general received. He hastened to General Stevens, who instantly advanced with his brigade, apparently in fine spirits. The right wing of the enemy was soon discovered in the —it was too late to attack them displaying. Nevertheless, the business of the day could no longer be deferred. The deputy adjutant general requested General Stevens to let him have forty or fifty privates, volunteers, who would run forward of the brigade and commence the attack. They were led forward within forty or fifty yards of the enemy, and ordered to take trees and keep up as brisk a fire as possible. The desired effect of this expedient, to extort the enemy's fire at some distance in order to the rendering it less terrible to the militia, was not gained.

General Stevens, observing the enemy to rush on, put his men in mind of their bayonets; but the impetuosity with which they advanced, firing and buzzing shrew the whole body of the militia into such a panic that they generally threw down their loaded arms and fled in the utmost consternation. The unworthy example of the Virginians was almost instantly followed by the North Carolinians; only a small part of the brigade commanded by Brigadier General Gregory made a short pause. A part of Dixon's regiment of that brigade, next in the line to the Second Maryland Brigade, fired two or three rounds of cartridge. But a great majority of the militia (at least two-thirds of the army) fled without firing a shot. The writer avers it of his own knowledge, having seen and observed every part of the army, from left to right, during the action.

He who has never seen the effect of a panic upon a multitude can have but an imperfect idea of such a thing. The best disciplined troops have been enervated and made cowards by it. Armies have been routed by it, even where no enemy appeared to furnish an excuse. Like electricity, it operates instantaneously—like sympathy, it is irresistible where it touches. But, in the present instance, its action was not universal. The regular troops, who had the keen edge of sensibility rubbed off by strict discipline and hard service, saw the confusion with but little emotion. They engaged seriously in the affair; and, notwithstanding some irregulartiy, which was created by the militia breaking pelf mell through the second line, order was restored there—time enough to give the enemy a severe check, which abated the fury of their assault and ohliged them to assume a more deliberate manner of acting. The Second Maryland Brigade, including the battalion of Delawares, on the right, were engaged with the enemy's left, which they opposed with very great firmness. They even advanced upon them and had taken a number of prisoners when their companions of the First Brigade (which formed the second line), being greatly outflanked and charged by superior numbers, were obliged to give ground.

At this critical moment the regimental officers of the latter brigade, relucbot to leave the field without orders, inquired for their commanding officer (Brigadier General Smallwood) who, however, was not to be found. Notwithstanding, Colonel Gunby, Major Anderson and a number of other brave officers, assisted by the deputy adjutant general and Major Jones, one of Smallwood's aids, rallied the brigade and renewed the contest. Again they were obliged to give way, and were again rallied. The Second Brigade were still warmly engaged. The distance between the two brigades did not exceed two hundred yards, their opposite flanks being nearly upon a line perpendicular to the~front.

At this eventful juncture, the deputy adjutant general, anxious that the communication between them should be preserved, and wishing that, in the almost certain event of a retreat, some order might be sustained by them, hastened from the First to the Second Brigade, which he found precisely in the same circumstances. He called upon his own regiment (the 6th Maryland) not to fly, and was answered by the Lieutenant Colonel, Ford, who said, "They have done all that can be expected of them. We are outnumbered and outflanked. See the enemy charge with bayonets!"

The enemy having collected their corps and directing their whole force against these two devoted brigades, a tremendous fire of musketry was for some time kept up on both sides with equal perseverance and obstinacy, until Lord Cornwallis, perceiving there was no cavalry opposed to him, pushed forward his dragoons, and his infantry charging at the same - ' fixed bayonets put an end to the contest.

His victory was complete. All the artillery and a very great number of prisoners fell into his hands. Many fine fellows lay on the field, and the rout of the remainder was entire. Not even a company retired in any order. Every one escaped as he could. If in this affair the militia fled too soon, the regulars may be thought almost as blamable for remaining too long on the field, especially after all hope of victory must have been despaired of. Let the commandants of the brigades answer for themselves. Allow the same privilege to the officers of the corps comprising those brigades, and they will say that they never received orders to retreat, nor any order from any general officer, fro,n~ the commencement of the action until it became desperate. The brave Major General, the Baron de Kalb, fought on foot with the Second Brigade and fell, mortally wounded, into the hands of the enemy, who stripped him even of his shirt: a fate which probably was avoided by other generals only by an opportune retreat.

The torrent of unarmed militia bore away with it Generals Gates, Caswell and a number of others, who soos' saw that all was lost. General Gates at first conceived a hope that he might rally, at Clermont, a sufficient number to cover the retreat of the regulars; but the farther they fled the more they were dispersed, and the generals soon found themselves abandoned by all but their aids. Lieutenant Colonel Senf, who had been on the expedition with Colonel Sumpter, returned and, overtaking General Gates, informed him of their complete success—that the enemy's redoubt on Wateree, opposite to Camden, was first reduced, and the convoy of stores, etc., from Charleston was decoyed and became prize to the American party almost without resistance. That upwards of one hundred prisoners and forty loaded wagons were in the hands of the party, who had sustained very little loss; but the general could avail himself nothing of this trifling advantage. The detachment under Sumpter was on the opposite side of the Waters, marching off as speedily as might be to secure their booty—for the course of the firing in the morning indicated unfavorable news from the army.

The militia, the general saw, were in air, and the regulars, he feared, were no more. The dreadful thunder of artillery and musketry had ceased, and none of his friends appeared. There was no existing corps with which the moment with victorious detachment might unite, and the Americans had no post in the rear . He, therefore, sent orders to Sumpter to retire in the best manner he could; and proceeded himself with General Caswell towards Charlotte, an open village on a plain, about sixty miles from the fatal scene of action. The Virginians, who knew nothing of the country they were in, involuntarily reversed the route they came, and fled, most of them, to Hillsborough. General Stevens pursued them, and halted there as many as were not sufficiently refreshed before his arrival to pursue their way home. Their terms of service, however, being very short, and no prospect presenting itself to afford another proof of their courage, General Stevens soon afterwards discharged them.

The North Carolina militia fled different ways, as their hopes led or their fears drove them. Most of them, preferring the shortest way home, scattered through the wilderness which lies between Wateree and Pee Dee rivers, and thence towards Roanoke. Whatever these might have suffered from the disaffected, they probably were not worse off than those who retired the way they came; wherein they met many of their insidious friends, armed and advancing to join the American army; but, learning its fate from the refugees, they acted decidedly in concert with the victors, and, captivating some, plundering others and maltreating all the fugitives they met, returned, exultingly, home. They even added taunts to their perfidy. One of a party who robbed Brigadier General Butler of his sword consoled him by saying, "You'll have no further use of it."

The regular troops, it has been observed, were the last to quit the field. Every corps was broken and dispersed; even the boggs and brush, which in some measure served to screen them from their furious pursuers, separated them from one another. Major Anderson was the only officer who fortunately ;allied, as he retreated, a few men of different companies, and whose prudence and firmness afforded protection to those who joined his party on the rout....

The general order for moving off the heavy baggage, etc., to Waxaws was not put in execution, as directed to be done on the preceding evening. The whole of it, consequently, fell into the hands of the enemy, as well as all that which followed the army except the wagons of the Generals Gates and De Kalb; which, being furnished with the stoutest horses, fortunately escaped onder the protection of a small quarter guard. Other wagons also had got out of danger from the enemy; but the cries of the women and the wounded in the rear and the consternation of the flying troops so alarmed some of the wagoners that they cut out their teams and, taking each a horse, left the rest for the next that should come. Others were obliged to give up their horses to assist in carrying off the wounded, and the whole road, for many miles, was strewed with signals of distress, confusion and dismay.

What added not a little to this calamitous scene was the conduct of Armand's Legion. They were principally foreigners, and some of them, probably, not unaccustomed to such scenes. Whether it was owing to the disgust of the colonel at general orders or the cowardice of his men, is not with writer to determine; but certain it is, the Legion did not take any part in the pion of the 16th. They retired early and in disorder, and were seen plundering the baggage of the army on their retreat. One of them cut Captain Lemar, of the Maryland infantry, over the hand for attempting to reclaim his own portmanteau, which the fellow was taking out of the wagon. Captain Lemar was unarmed, having broke his sword in action, and was obliged to submit I both to the loss and to the insult. The tent covers were thrown off the waggons, generally, and the baggage exposed, so that one might take what suited him to carry off. General Caswell's mess wagon afforded the best refreshment; very unexpectedly to the writer, he there found a pipe of good Madeira, broached, and surrounded by a number of soldiers, whose appearance led him to inquire what engaged their attention. He acknowledges that in this instance he shared in the booty and took a draught of wine, which was the only refreshment he had received that day.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 709 square miles (1,840 km 2 ), of which 656 square miles (1,700 km 2 ) is land and 53 square miles (140 km 2 ) (7.4%) is water. [5]

Adjacent counties Edit

Major highways Edit

Historical population
Census Pop.
18502,338
18604,975 112.8%
18706,108 22.8%
18807,266 19.0%
189010,040 38.2%
190013,113 30.6%
191011,582 −11.7%
192010,474 −9.6%
19309,142 −12.7%
19408,971 −1.9%
19507,861 −12.4%
19609,116 16.0%
197013,315 46.1%
198020,017 50.3%
199027,495 37.4%
200037,051 34.8%
201044,002 18.8%
2018 (est.)45,815 [6] 4.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]
1790-1960 [8] 1900-1990 [9]
1990-2000 [10] 2010-2015 [1]

As of the census [11] of 2000, there were 37,051 people, 15,779 households, and 11,297 families residing in the county. The population density was 57 people per square mile (22/km 2 ). There were 33,470 housing units at an average density of 51 per square mile (20/km 2 ). The racial makeup of the county was 97.68% White, 0.26% Black or African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.29% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Approximately 0.93% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 15,779 households, out of which 23.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.80% were married couples living together, 6.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.40% were non-families. 23.30% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.31 and the average family size was 2.68.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 20.30% under the age of 18, 6.10% from 18 to 24, 23.30% from 25 to 44, 31.40% from 45 to 64, and 19.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 100.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,840, and the median income for a family was $40,695. Males had a median income of $28,020 versus $20,825 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,197. About 8.00% of families and 11.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.00% of those under age 18 and 7.70% of those age 65 or over.

Public schools Edit

    – Camdenton
    • Dogwood Elementary School (PK-02)
    • Hawthorne Elementary School (03-04)
    • Osage Beach Elementary School (PK-04)
    • Hurricane Deck Elementary School (PK-04)
    • Oak Ridge Intermediate School (05-06)
    • Camdenton Middle School (07-08)
    • Camdenton High School (09-12)
    • Climax Springs Elementary School (K-06)
    • Climax Springs High School (07-12)
    • Macks Creek Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Macks Creek High School (07-12)
    • Stoutland Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Stoutland High School (07-12)

    Private schools Edit

    Public libraries Edit

    Local Edit

    The Republican Party completely controls politics at the local level in Camden County. Republicans hold all of the elected positions in the county. [13]

    State Edit

    Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
    Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
    2016 67.09% 15,050 29.80% 6,686 3.11% 698
    2012 54.91% 11,986 42.19% 9,210 2.90% 632
    2008 48.79% 10,716 49.15% 10,795 2.06% 453
    2004 61.18% 11,956 37.87% 7,401 0.95% 184
    2000 56.24% 9,555 41.55% 7,059 2.21% 376
    1996 50.25% 7,385 46.34% 6,810 3.42% 502

    Camden County is divided into two legislative districts that elect members of the Missouri House of Representatives, both of which are represented by Republicans.

    • District 123 — Suzie Pollock (R-Lebanon).
    • District 124 — Lisa Thomas (R-Lake Ozark).
    • [15] District 124 — Rocky Miller (R-Lake Ozark). Consists of the northern half of the county, including the communities of Climax Springs, Lake Ozark, Osage Beach, Sunrise Beach, and Village of Four Seasons.

    All of Camden County is a part of Missouri's 16th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Dan Brown (R-Rolla).

    Missouri Senate — District 16 — Camden County (2014)
    Party Candidate Votes % ±%
    Republican Dan Brown 8,760 100.00%

    Federal Edit

    U.S. Senate — Missouri — Camden County (2016) [14]
    Party Candidate Votes % ±%
    Republican Roy Blunt 14,434 64.36% +14.57
    Democratic Jason Kander 6,995 31.19% -11.78
    Libertarian Jonathan Dine 580 2.59% -4.63
    Green Johnathan McFarland 208 0.93% +0.93
    Constitution Fred Ryman 210 0.94% +0.94
    U.S. Senate — Missouri — Camden County (2012)
    Party Candidate Votes % ±%
    Republican Todd Akin 10,883 49.79%
    Democratic Claire McCaskill 9,391 42.97%
    Libertarian Jonathan Dine 1,579 7.22%
    Write-in Write-ins 4 0.02%

    U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 3rd Congressional District — Camden County (2016) [14]
    Party Candidate Votes % ±%
    Republican Blaine Luetkemeyer 10,098 75.72% -1.62
    Democratic Kevin Miller 2,794 20.95% +2.02
    Libertarian Dan Hogan 353 2.65% -1.08
    Constitution Doanita Simmons 91 0.68% +0.68
    U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 3rd Congressional District — Camden County (2014)
    Party Candidate Votes % ±%
    Republican Blaine Luetkemeyer 4,826 77.34% +6.90
    Democratic Courtney Denton 1,181 18.93% -7.06
    Libertarian Steven Hedrick 233 3.73% +0.16
    U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 3rd Congressional District — Camden County (2012)
    Party Candidate Votes % ±%
    Republican Blaine Luetkemeyer 8,889 70.44%
    Democratic Eric C. Mayer 3,280 25.99%
    Libertarian Steven Wilson 450 3.57%

    U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri’s 4th Congressional District — Camden County (2016) [14]
    Party Candidate Votes % ±%
    Republican Vicky Hartzler 6,642 76.68% +0.47
    Democratic Gordon Christensen 1,705 19.68% -0.22
    Libertarian Mark Bliss 315 3.64% -0.25
    U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 4th Congressional District — Camden County (2014)
    Party Candidate Votes % ±%
    Republican Vicky Hartzler 3,409 76.21% +5.42
    Democratic Nate Irvin 890 19.90% -6.17
    Libertarian Herschel L. Young 174 3.89% +1.66
    U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 4th Congressional District — Camden County (2012)
    Party Candidate Votes % ±%
    Republican Vicky Hartzler 6,179 70.79%
    Democratic Teresa Hensley 2,276 26.07%
    Libertarian Thomas Holbrook 195 2.23%
    Constitution Greg Cowan 79 0.91%

    Political culture Edit

    Camden County has long been a Republican stronghold. The last Democrat to carry the county was Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1932–one of only five times since 1888 that a Democrat has managed even 40 percent of the county's vote.


    Camden's history

    In April 1965, the London Borough of Camden replaced the former metropolitan boroughs of Hampstead, Holborn, and St Pancras. It was named after the first Earl Camden, Charles Pratt, who started the development of Camden Town in 1791.

    The earliest known settlement was on the high lands of Hampstead Heath and dates back to the Mesolithic age around 7000BC. For many centuries the area remained heavily forested, with fertile land drained by the Fleet, Tyburn and Westbourne rivers, and other streams.

    From the Roman city of Londinium legions used a great highway leading to the west that is now High Holborn and Oxford Street. Watling Street, another Roman road leading to St Albans, forms the western boundary of the borough and is known today as Edgware Road, Kilburn High Road and other local names. Other Roman roads probably passed through Hampstead and Highgate.

    The Saxons later built their city Ludenwic to the west of Londinium, on a site which excavations have recently confirmed as stretching from the Thames through Covent Garden to around the Kingsway and Holborn areas. Early charters from that period include boundaries that, over a thousand years later, still form part of the boundaries of the present borough.

    In 959AD King Edgar granted to Westminster Abbey land that lay south of the 'wide army street' of High Holborn, including the old wooden church St Andrew on 'Holebourne'. The Anglo-Saxon name of burna, a stream, and hol, a hollow, provided the original name of Holborn, while the lower part was a tidal creek known in Anglo-Saxon as a fleot which later became the Fleet River.

    The Domesday Survey of 1086 was the first systematic attempt to describe the communities who owned them, their value and how many people worked the land. The manors of Tothele [Tottenham Court], Rugmere, St Pancras, Hampstead, and Holborn are recorded as small hamlets where the inhabitants ploughed the land and kept pigs in the forests.

    The spread of London continued outside the city walls, along High Holborn and to the south towards the river Thames. John de Kirkby built a house and chapel in the 13th century, which later became the London palace of the Bishops of Ely. John of Gaunt, Elizabeth I, Richard III and Henry IV were among the many famous visitors and guests.

    In 1576 the Bishop was forced to grant a lease to Christopher Hatton by Elizabeth I. His grandson later developed the estate in the 17th century. St Etheldreda's Church in Ely Place is all that remains of the palace.

    Holborn

    Around Holborn, London's legal quarter developed from the 14th century, lawyers often gathering together in 'Inns' for training and support, Gray's Inn and Lincoln's Inn are examples which still exist.

    To the west, the leper hospital of St Giles was established in 1117 by Queen Matilda and remained as a hospital until the 16th century on a site that is bounded by today's St Giles High Street, Charing Cross Road and Shaftesbury Avenue. The present St Giles in the Fields Church, built in 1734, is probably the third on the site and its parish was once one of the most overcrowded and insanitary in London. The first outbreak of the Great Plague of 1665 occurred nearby and the parish was one of the worst affected.

    Bloomsbury

    Blemundsbury, now Bloomsbury, was named after William de Blemund who acquired land there in 1201. The manor passed to Lord Southampton and later to the Duke of Bedford who began to develop a series of graceful squares and streets for the fashionable and wealthy. Bedford Square 1775-1783 remains one of the most attractive and complete 18th-century squares in London.

    Authors and artists later settled here including Virginia Woolf and other members of the Bloomsbury Group. Famous buildings in the area include the British Museum, the University of London and some of its colleges.

    The village around the manor house of Tottenham Court disappeared under 19th and 20th-century developments around Euston Road and Hampstead Road, leaving only the name of the road leading to it. To the west Fitzrovia grew piecemeal from the mid-18th century onwards although only gaining its current name in the 1940s. An area of craftsmen, writers and artists, it shared with Soho a very bohemian atmosphere.

    King's Cross

    King's Cross was previously known as Battle Bridge until 1830, when a short-lived monument to George IV was erected at the junction of Euston, Gray's Inn and Pentonville Roads. Euston Road, initially called the New Road from Paddington to Islington and London's first by-pass road, was opened in 1756. Lord Somers was a landowner who took advantage of its construction to develop his fields as Somers Town.

    The area later became home for many refugees from the French Revolution and people fleeing from Spanish-ruled lands, particularly from South America. It is now home to the new British Library on Euston Road, opened in 1998.

    St Pancras

    A little to the north of King's Cross is one of the borough's oldest buildings, St Pancras Old Church in Pancras Gardens. Its exact origin is unknown but parts of it date from the 13th and 14th centuries, although older Roman tiles and bricks have been used in its construction.

    The church and the former borough were named after Pancratius, a young boy martyred in Rome for his religious beliefs in 303. Much of its churchyard now lies under the railway lines into St Pancras Station.

    Camden Town

    At the heart of the borough lies Camden Town. Named after Charles Pratt, the first Earl Camden, who started its development in 1791, Camden Town began life as little more than a handful of buildings beside a main road. Camden Town's expansion as a major centre came with the opening of the Regent's Canal to traffic in 1820

    Improvements to transport provided employment for the local population, which, by the end of the 19th century, had grown significantly. Many streets were changed when new housing developments and schemes were introduced in the 1960s. The conversion of Camden Lock's wharves and warehouses on the Regent's Canal to craft markets in the 1970s ensured Camden Town's future as one of London's top tourist attractions.

    Chalk Farm was originally a farmhouse and later a tavern set in fields. Soon after 1840 housing and shops were developed in Regent's Park Road but the building still survives as a restaurant.

    Railways

    The arrival of the railway stations, Euston (1837), King's Cross (1852), and St Pancras (1868), together with their extensive goods yards and sidings, provided massive employment and encouraged local industrialisation. The borough became a major centre for the piano, organ and furniture industries, light engineering and scientific instruments.

    While there is now very little industry in the borough it remains an important commercial centre, and its proximity to the City of London and Westminster strengthens this.

    Kentish Town

    The name 'Kentish Town', in its earliest form, 'Kentisston', was first noted in 1208, during the reign of King John. In 1456, by now recognised as a significant hamlet, the inhabitants of Kentish Town gained a purpose-built chapel of ease.

    However, today there are no visible remains of buildings dating to before the 18th century and its rural character has disappeared, as too has the River Fleet, which once ran through the area.

    With Kentish Town Road remaining a major thoroughfare north, the early 19th century witnessed an enormous development in building particularly during the 1840s and 1850s. Large areas of land were also acquired for railway development.

    The post-Second World War period saw further housing projects replace a substantial number of Victorian dwellings.

    Gospel Oak

    An area to the west of Kentish Town, Gospel Oak derives its name from an oak tree that once stood to the east of Southampton Road. The exact site is not known. The tree would have been included in a customary ceremony in which readings from the Gospels took place underneath it. It is believed that the tree was felled around 1865.

    A rural area, once home to watercress beds, Gospel Oak initially developed as a residential location during the mid-19th century. With the coming of the railway and the introduction of small light industries, the area obtained a working class respectability. However, after the decline in railway expansion and later post-Second World War redevelopment, Gospel Oak has now again become largely residential.

    Belsize Park and Swiss Cottage

    Belsize was a sub-manor of Hampstead. Belsize House, a well-known place of entertainment, was demolished in 1853 and the area known as Belsize Park built on the estate, leaving only its main drive as Belsize Avenue. The area of Swiss Cottage was named after a pub on Finchley Road, sited next to a tollgate and built in 1840 in the style of a Swiss chalet.

    Apart from local street names nothing remains of Kilburn Priory, a 12th-century foundation that provided shelter and food for travellers until the dissolution of the monasteries by Henry VIII. In West Hampstead the large houses of West End have been replaced by streets of Victorian houses, although much of the original West End Green remains.

    Hampstead

    Hampstead still retains much of its village charm. Its early fashionable popularity was a result of the discovery of medicinal water and its subsequent development as a spa after 1706, with a pump room, music and dancing attracting visitors from London and elsewhere. In the 18th and 19th centuries it was considered to be a country retreat away from the bustle and smoke of London, with fresh air and water and, as the highest point in London, a variety of attractive views.

    Highgate

    Highgate, the other village on the Northern Heights, was owned by the Bishop of London in medieval times. It is probable that the village got its name from one of its gates. One of the most visited parts of the village is Highgate Cemetery, which was opened in 1839. It became the last resting-place of many famous people, including Karl Marx, George Eliot and Michael Faraday.

    Parks

    Despite such intensive building, the borough has a number of outstanding open spaces. Regent's Park, designed in 1811 by John Nash, and Primrose Hill, opened to the public in 1842, are both Royal Parks. The largest and most varied area is the nearby 800 acres of Hampstead Heath, parts of which have been preserved for the public since 1871.

    Camden has been home to many famous people including John Keats, Charles Dickens, George Bernard Shaw and JB Priestley and continues to be the home for many celebrities. Camden today is a multi-cultural area at the heart of London and will no doubt continue to evolve and change over the next 2,000 years.

    Camden History Society

    If you want to find out more about the history of the area visit the www.camdenhistorysociety.org

    The Camden History Society aims to research and describe the history of the borough and catalogue the fabric of life in Camden's past. During the year 2000 the society ran "Catching the past - a millennium history project" - in co-operation with the centre.

    Local history talks are held in different parts of the borough each month and outings and walks are arranged in the summer. Members are encouraged to undertake research themselves and help and advice is available for the beginner.


    Launching the Fund allowed us to leverage our outstanding on-site teams and existing management platform to create extraordinary value for Camden. It is just one more example of Camden’s willingness to innovate and take calculated risks to achieve big results.

    I find myself eager to get back to work after days off because it is my happy place and where I feel my best. I’m guaranteed laughter, smiles, and even hugs from not only fellow employees but residents too. I am surrounded by people who encourage, challenge, and build me up. It is a place where I feel appreciated and have been given opportunities to grow not only professionally but overall as a person. Because of Camden, I’ve met people and gained friendships that I couldn’t imagine not having in my life.


    Camden History

    Carroll County, Indiana – Named in 1828 for Charles Carroll, signer of the Declaration of Independence.

    The sixteenth section of every township was set aside by the Indiana Congress as the property of the schools and the care of this section was entrusted to the School Commissioner. The Commissioner was empowered to sell land within this section and use the funds to support the school. Camden occupies a section of the “school section” of Jackson Township. In 1832 (or 1830 by some records) this section was sold for less than $1500 and sixteen acres were reserved by the Commissioner for the purpose of laying out a village plat, to which the name of “Camden” was given. The community consisted of five houses – a little log cabin and four other dwellings. All but one were log buildings. The town was incorporated in 1908.

    The original town, platted from Water Street west, was laid out in rows of lots on the north and south side of the road, later known as Main Street, running east and west. This dirt road was only a wagon track and was often mud with dense brush and undergrowth on each side. The sidewalk was a path on either side of the road. Improvements were made over the years and the street was upgraded to brick pavement between 1912 and 1916. Main Street was made a State Road in 1940 or 1941.

    Early entrepreneurs include Col. Wm. Crooks who was the School Commissioner and manager of the first store. Other shop owners were Mr. McCurdy and Matthew Rogers. Dr. James M. Justice was the village’s first physician. James R. Laird built a tavern soon after the town was laid out. Other individuals who were instrumental in the growth and development of Camden include pioneer physician and legislator Dr. F.G. Armstrong and first postmaster John E. Snoeberger.

    Camden Depot 1900
    (Carroll County Historical Museum)

    Jonathan Martin purchased some of the original land in this section and several town lots. From this land he donated an acre or acre and a half for a cemetery and a church. On the corner of the cemetery lot a framed school was erected in 1835.

    Among the first settlers were the names of Allridge, Brown, Porter, Ballard, Armstrong, Odell, Harter, Lenon, Fisher, Armstrong, Hewitt, Cline, Martin, Mundy, McFarland, Shanks, Blue, Lake, Kuns, Wise, Musselman and others.
    Information from: “The Town of Camden, Our First One Hundred Fifty Years” booklet


    Old Historical Photos of Camden,NJ

    July 24 1962 – Steps from pedestrian overpass over Rt. 130 at Federal Street Camden NJ, seem to lead right into the street area. The Penn Fruit sign on the right at top.

    This toll-gate on the Haddonfield and Camden Turnpike was located next to what today is the recently closed Dominican Monastery of the Holy Rosary. The photo was taken from what is now a parking lot for Our Lady of Lourdes Medical Center.
    The Haddonfield-Camden Turnpike is now called Haddon Avenue. It was established as a turnpike in 1839. The county took over ownership of the road in 1893.

    [ Philadelphia skyline from foot of Jackson St.

    Pennsylvania Reading Seashore Line Passenger Cars. Watched this speed by many times while in the Pavonia Yard in East Camden. Toll Toll House at 36th and Federal The Toll House building is still there at 36th and Federal “On July 6, 1939, the postal service placed an autogiro aircraft into use flying mail between the Central Airport at Camden, New Jersey to the roof of the main Philadelphia, Pennsylvania post office.”
    “The autogyro was invented by the Spanish engineer Juan de la Cierva. Cierva’s aircraft resembled the fixed-wing aircraft of the day, with a front-mounted engine and propeller. De la Cierva’s autogyro used an airplane fuselage with a forward-mounted propeller and engine, a rotor mounted on a mast, and a horizontal and vertical stabilizer. The term Autogiro was a trademark of the Cierva Autogiro Company, and the term Gyrocopter was used by E. Burke Wilford who developed the Reiseler Kreiser feathering rotor equipped gyroplane in the first half of the twentieth century.”
    The National Postal Museum

    When it came to paper money, the banks would be responsible backing the value of the paper money. The U.S. Mint would print the paper money for the banks.
    This certified proof’s are from the 1880’s and 1890’s the First National Bank of Camden . First Camden National Bank & Trust is located in Camden, Camden County, New Jersey, United States. The building was built in 1928 and was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 24, 1990.
    The bank that was headquartered here changed its name to South Jersey National Bank in the 1960s and to Heritage Bank in the 1970s. It later merged with Midlantic National Bank, which was ultimately acquired by PNC Bank.

    Horn and Hardart and the Broadway Theatre in Camden

    Camden Toll House on Haddon Avenue now the site of Lady of Lourdes Hospital

    5th & Pine Gaudio Bros. Nursery Mt Ephraim Ave[/caption]

    Gaudio Bros. Nursery Mt Ephraim Ave

    Minnie’s Go-Go Bar Photograph by George A. Tice 1975

    Forest Hill Park at Cooper Creek (River)

    1928 Motorcycle Police at City Hall

    “On July 6, 1939, the postal service placed an autogiro aircraft into use flying mail between the Central Airport at Camden, New Jersey to the roof of the main Philadelphia, Pennsylvania post office.”
    “The autogyro was invented by the Spanish engineer Juan de la Cierva. Cierva’s aircraft resembled the fixed-wing aircraft of the day, with a front-mounted engine and propeller. De la Cierva’s autogyro used an airplane fuselage with a forward-mounted propeller and engine, a rotor mounted on a mast, and a horizontal and vertical stabilizer. The term Autogiro was a trademark of the Cierva Autogiro Company, and the term Gyrocopter was used by E. Burke Wilford who developed the Reiseler Kreiser feathering rotor equipped gyroplane in the first half of the twentieth century.”
    The National Postal Museum

    The Floating Church of the Redeemer.
    As seen on the Delaware in the late 1840’s early 1850’s. Built by Clement L. Dennington of New York for the Churchmen’s Missionary Association for Seamen of the Port of Philadelphia.
    The church would later be towed onto land in the City of Camden and be located at Broadway and Royden Street becoming St. John’s Episcopal Church. It was destroyed by a fire on Christmas morning in 1870. Patrick Ward

    The Floating Church of the Redeemer.
    As seen on the Delaware in the late 1840’s early 1850’s. Built by Clement L. Dennington of New York for the Churchmen’s Missionary Association for Seamen of the Port of Philadelphia.
    The church would later be towed onto land in the City of Camden and be located at Broadway and Royden Street becoming St. John’s Episcopal Church. It was destroyed by a fire on Christmas morning in 1870. Patrick Ward

    What is now Martin Luther King Jr Boulevard (then called Mickle Street) in 1890. Walt Whitman’s two-story home is to the right of the wagon.

    Victor Talking Machine Company – Gene Haines (hatless man on left ) stands with three unidentified men outside the first office of the Victor Talking Machine Company in Camden New Jersey circa 1902. Temple University Libraries

    Saint John’s Church in Camden about 1914

    Soldier’s Monument Near Haddon Avenue & Convention Hall

    Light Ship Barnegat LV-79 is now docked at Pyne Poynt Marina in Camden. “The Barnegat was built in 1904 by the New York Shipbuilding Company in Camden. The vessel served from 1904 to 1924 as the lightship for Five Fathom Bank, which is located 15 miles (24 km) from the Cape May Lighthouse”

    M&H Sweet Shop 2406 Federal

    September 16, 1887 on the Delaware between Camden and Philadelphia during the Constitutional Centennial. Photo by Horace Githens. http://www.dvrbs.com/people/CamdenPeople-HoraceGGithens.htm

    Broadway and Federal Street in 1961.

    Camden Retires Fire Horses

    Camden Fire Department 1916

    Camden Cyclone Vine St W of 5th 04/02/1912

    Camden Cyclone Vine St 04/02/1912

    Camden Cyclone Sharpless Row 05/22/1908

    Camden Cyclone NE corner Vine 04/02/1912

    Camden Cyclone Elm St 02/04/1912

    Camden Cyclone Cedar St 04/02/1912

    Camden Cyclone 15th and Market 05/22/1908

    Camden Cyyclone 6th & Vine

    Camden Cyclone 4th St 04/02/1912

    CAMDEN & TUCKERTON, NJ. IMPROVED ORDER OF RED MEN WORD WAR I WAR MEMORIAL. The Improved Order of Red Men,in memory of South Jersey members who died while serving with America’s armed forces during World War I. Nicola Berardo, a sculptor who lived in Camden, was commissioned to execute project. The monument was originally located on the Haddon Avenue side of Pulaski Park in Camden NJ. It was moved to Route 9 and Center Street in Tuckerton NJ, where it was rededicated on May 21, 1981.

    CAMDEN & TUCKERTON, NJ IMPROVED ORDER OF RED MEN WORD WAR I WAR MEMORIAL The Improved Order of Red Men,in memory of South Jersey members who died while serving with America’s armed forces during World War I. Nicola Berardo, a sculptor who lived in Camden, was commissioned to execute project. The monument was originally located on the Haddon Avenue side of Pulaski Park in Camden NJ. It was moved to Route 9 and Center Street in Tuckerton NJ, where it was rededicated on May 21, 1981.

    Old City Hall-Camden’s first city hall was built in 1876 at the corner of Benson Street and Haddon Avenue, where present day Cooper University Hospital (Kelemen Pavilion at 1 Cooper Plaza) is located. 1914

    Old City Hall-Camden’s first city hall was built in 1876 at the corner of Benson Street and Haddon Avenue, where present day Cooper University Hospital (Kelemen Pavilion at 1 Cooper Plaza) is located. 1914

    Another view of old City Hall in Camden

    One of several early Cooper houses in Camden

    View of Old Cooper Hospital about 1910

    The 3rd Regiment Armory in Camden about 1910

    Linden Street in Camden in the early 1900s

    Haddon Ave and Pine Street

    Cooper Street around 1912

    Cooper St from 2nd St in Camden

    Cooper Hospital From Old City Hall circa 1893

    Cooper Branch Public Library

    Camden YMCA circa 1910 on Federal St Camden New Jersey

    Broadway and Walnut St Camden, NJ

    View of Lake & Bridge at Farnum Park Camden, NJ

    Broadway from the Bridge Entrance – Walt Whitman Hotel – City Hall

    An early view of Pyne Point in Camden

    Damage from the 1912 cyclone Camden, NJ

    2nd Street in Camden during the winter in early circa 1910

    Vine St and 4th St Camden New-Jersey Apr 2, 1912 Storm damage

    Admiral Wilson Blvd westbound near Baird Blvd Camden, New Jersey 1960s

    Admiral Wilson Boulevard 1950s. The building behind the Esso station became the Oasis Motel.

    Oasis Motel Camden, NJ featured in the movie 12 Monkeys

    Wiggins Park Construction circa 1981

    NORTH AND SOUTH COMMONS, YORKSHIP VILLAGE A Housing-Development -1918

    Historic Homes Camden, New Jersey

    Cooper Plaza Historic Homes Camden, New Jersey

    Cooper Plaza Historic Homes Camden, New Jersey

    Monastery of the Dominican Nuns of the Perpetual Rosary on Haddon Avenue Camden, New Jersey

    M.E. Church near 5th & Cooper, Camden, New-Jersey

    Cooper Plaza Historic Homes Camden, NJ

    Broadway and Spruce Camden, NJ 1951

    Blessed Our Lady of Lourdes Hospital Camden, NJ

    Bell Telephone Co.-Workers strike outside the Camden plant in 1952

    Bell Telephone Co.-Workers strike outside the Camden plant in 1952

    Westfield Acres 1940 CAMDEN,NEW JERSEY

    Westfield Acres 1938 CAMDEN,NEW JERSEY

    Dr. Henry Genet Taylor House, 305 Cooper Street Camden New Jersey It was built in 1884 and was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 12, 1971.

    Motorcycle Police in front of City Hall Camden nj

    Fairview Terminal, better known as Shorty’s Camden, New Jersey

    Cooper Creek Boat Houses Foot of 17th St circa 1900 Camden, New Jersey

    Westfield Acres Camden, New Jersey

    Westfield Acres Camden, New Jersey

    Shellow’s Luncheonette Camden, NJ with Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band

    Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band

    Shellow’s Luncheonette Camden, NJ with Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band

    Shellow’s Luncheonette Camden, NJ with Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band

    Shellows Luncheonette with Bill Shellow Camden, New Jersey

    Lee & Bill Shellow 1980 Shellows Luncheonette Camden, New Jersey

    Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band at Apollo Bar 1978 East Camden NJ

    Marbett’s Restaurant Admiral Wilson Blvd & Baird

    New Recruits of the Camden Police force in 1981

    The old Camden County Court House Camden, New Jersey

    River Rd at Cambridge & 27th St, Cramer Hill section of Camden NJ

    Camden Free Library ( old Dudley Grange) Camden, New Jersey

    C Jackel Flowers 27th St Camden NJ

    Parkade Building in front of Camden City Hall

    Construction of Camden City Hall

    Admiral Wilson Blvd ( US Route 30 ) between Baird Blvd and the Airport Circle circa 1960s Camden, New Jersey. This photo was used in a 1960s article in MAD Magazine about “America The Beautiful”.

    Co.-7 City of Camden Fire Department July 1, 1910 on Kaigh Ave

    Old Courthouse Demolition Broadway & Federal St Camden, New Jersey

    Engine Company #9 Fire House 27th & Federal Camden, New Jersey

    Farnum Park – Pavilion-on-Ice , Kaighn Ave Camden, New Jersey

    Mayor Primas – Wayne Bryant & other politicians Camden, New Jersey

    Theaters on Broadway Camden NJ – Stanley and Savar Camden, New Jersey

    Victrola – Victor Talking Machine Co

    Victrola – Victor Talking Machine Co

    Victrola – Victor Talking Machine Co

    View along Arch Street circa 1908 Camden, New Jersey

    2600 Block of River Road Camden, New Jersey

    Camden Free Library Dudley Grange Camden, New Jersey

    Victoria Theater 26th and Federal Camden NJ

    Campbell’s Field Camden, New Jersey

    RCA Victrola Camden NJ

    Mayors Arnold Webster, Randy Primas, Gwendolyn Faison ( first 3 named, 4th not a mayor ) Camden, New Jersey

    RCA Strike July, 1936 with woman holding sign upside down Camden, New Jersey.

    Camden Beer Scoreboard Camden, New Jersey

    RCA Nipper Camden, New Jersey

    3rd and Arch St circa 1975 Camden, New Jersey (There a somewhat restored photo further down)

    Lit Brothers Broadway & Market St Camden, New Jersey

    3rd & Arch St Camden, New Jersey

    Hope Memorial Baptist Camden, New Jersey

    Federal St at 27th St & Baird Blvd Camden, New Jersey 1950s

    Old Jordan Homestead 1173 Chestnut St. Camden, New Jersey – Erected 1747

    Geraldine Ferraro at Camden, NJ City Hall

    East Side Cafe at 24th & Federal Camden, NJ

    RCA Nipper Building Camden, NJ

    Campbell Soup complex 1909

    Camden may be a PRR Station near Haddon Avenue Camden, NJ.

    Ready to open Rte 676 1980 Camden, nj

    West Street Camden, NJ circa 1989

    Battleship USS New Jersey BB-62 on her final journey to her home port in Camden New Jersey.

    Camden towards Philadelphia

    Battleship USS New Jersey BB-62 at her final resting place in Camden New Jersey.

    Federal Street Bridge Camden, Nj

    Federal Street Bridge 1912

    Entrance to Campbells Field

    camden county court house circa 1904

    Sinclair Station on Cooper St. Later it was a Trailways Bus Station

    Camden Police horse drawn patrol wagon 1890

    Chief Jim Howell Electrical Bureau Camden, NJ

    Dudley Grange Camden, NJ 8-21-1980 fire

    Old Courthouse Demolition Camden, NJ

    Philadelphia Skyline from Camden, New Jersey with RCA Nipper Building

    RCA and City Hall Camden, NJ

    Grace Baptist Church Camden, NJ

    Camden New Jersey

    Broadway and Federal St Camden, NJ City Electrical Bureau Repairing Traffic Light 1962

    Fire at 3rd & Cooper St Camden, NJ

    Ben Franklin Bridge

    Ben Franklin Bridge with view of downtown Camden, NJ

    Police Ceremony with Randy Primas

    Police Ceremony with Randy Primas 1981

    Entrance to Forest Hill Park and Boulevard, Camden, NJ

    Camden Republican Club circa 1910

    Old Cooper Hospital

    Broadway Station 100 block S. Broadway looking north from Stevens St shortly after the tracks were elevated through Camden.

    Broadway Station of Pennsylvania Rail Road Camden, NJ

    Fire destroys Elgin Diner Camden NJ

    Camden Carnival Celebrating the opening of the Carnegie Library October-1-1904

    Elgin Diner Camden New Jersey

    Cooper’s Ferry – Camden New Jersey 1773 Boat traffic across the Delaware River.


    Sessions

    Sessions started at 7.30 pm, except in daylight saving when it was 8.30pm. In busy periods we had double sessions – 7.30pm and midnight. Always two features. I always had the lighter movie on first and the feature on the second half. In the 1980s, we still had a double feature.

    Narellan Gayline Drive-In Movie Theatre on Narellan Road was behind the screen. It was a two lane road from Narellan to Campbelltown. There are poultry farms in the background. c1970s (T Frazer)

    For the midnight session there could be a queue down Morshead Road out onto Narellan Road waiting to get in. It was a horror movie session from 12.00am to 3.00am. On some popular Saturday nights, we may not be able to get all the cars in. At one stage in the 1970s, we considered having two sessions 7.00pm and 10.00pm. We would advertise sessions in the Sydney papers under the Greater Union adverts every night of the week. We would run adverts in the local papers each week.


    History

    PowerHaus, the original Islington venue, first opened its doors in 1989 as a new venue owned by the Mean Fiddler. Throughout the 6 years of delivering the best acts to music fans PowerHaus hosted many iconic artists including Radiohead, Suede, Henry Rollins, Dinosaur Jr, Blur, Pulp, Primal Scream, Stone Roses and PJ Harvey, the list really does go on. This venue was one that helped shape the landscape of London’s music scene at the time.

    “We are looking to the future and the future of the PowerHaus is bright. All of the PowerHaus team are very enthusiastic about being one of the main live music venues in Camden.” – Vince Power

    The heritage of the original PowerHaus made it the perfect title to rename the newly bought venue, Dingwalls.

    Dingwalls originally opened in 1973 as a dancehall and has had a range of different musical functions throughout it’s 35 year stretch under the original name. The venue has been a Jazz Bar owned by legendary DJ Gilles Peterson and Patrick Forge, before moving back to its roots of being a permanent part of the Camden gigging scene. Holding host to iconic shows such as Blondies debut, Coldplay, Etta James, intimate Foo Fighters performances, R.E.M and George Ezra. Alongside this it was a large part of Camden’s punk boom with The Clash, Sex Pistols and The Ramones regularly appearing.

    The next stage of this renowned venue’s life will be reopening as PowerHaus. With the intention of carrying on the legacy of both venues, PowerHaus’ first show will be the celebrated Van Morrison.


    History

    In 1730, colonial Governor Robert Johnson ordered the establishment of eleven townships across the backcountry of South Carolina. The township located on the Wateree River was surveyed in 1733 and named Fredericksburg. Originally the concentrated town area was intended for the area around present day Cantey Lane, but that site was never settled. The earliest permanent settlers, a group of Quakers, located around present day Lugoff near the river in the 1750s. When Joseph Kershaw moved to the area in 1758, he established a store, saw and gristmills, indigo works, a distillery, and a tobacco warehouse at what he called Pine Tree Hill.

    Kershaw laid out the first town plan on land around Big and Little Pine Tree Creeks, where Historic Camden is located today. The earliest plan dates to 1774. Kershaw's settlement become known as Camden in 1768, in honor of Charles Pratt, Lord Camden, an advocate of the American colonists' rights. Camden was the site of two Revolutionary War Battles, the Battle of Camden and the Battle of Hobkirk Hill.

    After the Reconstruction Period, Camden evolved into a tourist mecca for Northerners and mid-Westerners seeking a warmer winter climate. Camden had three large tourist hotels and many smaller boarding houses. The "Hotel Era" lasted from 1882 through the years of World War II. Camden developed as an equine center during these years - Steeplechase races, polo, and horse shows became hallmarks of Camden's style. To learn more about Camden, visit the Camden Archives and Museum.


    Camden History Society

    Since 1970, we have worked voluntarily to research the social and architectural history of an area that stretches from Highgate to Holborn and Kilburn to King's Cross. We have discovered stories of growth, struggle, invention and inspiration, and can share that with you through our many local history publications and regular public events.

    If you join as a member you get free entry to talks, a copy of our award-winning annual journal the Camden History Review, our bi-monthly newsletter full of articles and local research, and an invitation to join our ticketed yearly outing to a place of historic interest.


    Watch the video: CAMDEN AS IT WAS part 1 (July 2022).


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