History Podcasts

May 20, 2014 Day 121 of the Sixth Year - History

May 20, 2014 Day 121 of the Sixth Year - History

Student performers react to seeing President Barack Obama as he drops by the White House Talent Show hosted by First Lady Michelle Obama and the President's Committee on the Arts and the Humanities (PCAH), in the East Room of the White House, May 20, 2014.


2021, Day 121, Alma 10

Day 121 5/1/2021 Saturday
Alma 10 (on the LDS website and on video)
My blog post from last year on this chapter
The BOM Study text (compares the original manuscript with the 1830 edition and the modern edition)

Join us at the TOYBOM Discussion group on Facebook or on MeWe if you’re non-Mormon, and at Mormons & Biblical Discussion group on Facebook or on MeWe if you’re Mormon.

This chapter is Amulek’s sermon to the people of Ammonihah. In verses 2-3 he gives his abbreviated genealogy (three ancestor names and then Nephi, son of Lehi who came out of Jerusalem — so that’s some 500 years then Manasseh son of Joseph in Egypt, which skips all the history of Israel from 600 B.C. back through all the kings and judges and the Exodus, so just a very few names for many centuries — not a complaint, just an observation), and says that one of his ancestors is the same person “who interpreted the writing which was upon the wall of the temple, which was writen by the finger of God.” There is a text note in this verse 2, linking to Daniel’s account of “the writing on the wall”. This straight-up confuses me, to be honest.

Before reading that note, I thought that perhaps there was an account of writing on the temple wall earlier in the BOM and I had forgotten it (though that didn’t seem likely), or maybe that such a thing was said in the now-missing 116 pages and that the note might mention it. The fact that the note linked to Daniel in the Bible makes no sense at all. I can see why I might link to it, to show that JS plagiarized from the Biblical account and put it into the BOM, but it doesn’t seem likely that the people in charge of the LDS website would want to do such a thing. Links like these normally are explanatory notes that help an uninformed reader better understand the context of something, such as the one in v3 that links to the Biblical account of Joseph being sold into slavery in Egypt. While most people who have any knowledge of the Bible would know about Joseph and his multi-colored coat and being sold as a slave in Egypt, it is reasonable that some people reading the BOM would not know the Bible (or might wonder where in the Bible the full account is), so this could be helpful. So for the explanatory note to link to the Biblical account of Daniel interpreting the writing on the wall when speaking of Aminadi interpreting the writing on the wall, it makes it sound like they’re saying that the two occurrences are the same.

There are several problems with trying to make these two things the same, including that Aminadi is said to be a descendant of Nephi (here said to be of the tribe of Manasseh), while Daniel was a prince of the tribe of Judah that the Babylonian Captivity started long before destruction of Jerusalem in 587 B.C. and Daniel was likely of that first wave of captives (as was Ezekiel), so would have been born some years before Nephi was married, and that Aminadi is said to be a “descendant of Nephi” as Lehi “was a descendant of Manasseh”, thus implying many generations between the two. This passage consistently uses “son” to mean a literal son and not merely “a descendant of”, as is often the case in the Bible (e.g., Jesus is called “son of David”, though well over a thousand years separated them). Nephi is called Lehi’s son, and Manasseh is called Joseph’s son, and we know that they did have a father-son relationship.

So it would seem that Amulek is referring back to some event in their history that is not now contained in the BOM. If I had to bet, I’d say it was in the missing 116 pages.

Before leaving this section, I also have to point out that here as in the rest of the BOM, the genealogy has only Israelites for ancestors, and no hint that any other people have intermarried with the descendants of Lehi and the other Israelites. Some modern Mormons claim that even though the BOM doesn’t mention them, there were other people groups living in and around the BOM peoples, and that the BOM peoples likely intermarried with them. Here, Amulek claims direct descent from Nephi son of Lehi. It would be odd to be silent about other people groups, if they existed.

The chapter continues with Amulek’s 1800s-style sermon, with the lawyers of the day arguing back against him, and him answering their arguments. The people are at first somewhat persuaded by Amulek, because he is a second witness against them (which shows the importance of having multiple witnesses, while JS is only a single witness to the BOM), but get upset that he is contradicting their law, though he claims that he is not contradicting it but their lawyers are.


European Investment Bank Sold $121 Million in Two-Year Notes on Ethereum

The European Union’s investment arm, the European Investment Bank, has sold €100 million worth ($121 million) of digital bonds on the Ethereum blockchain, according to a report by Bloomberg Law, citing anonymous sources.

The bonds were priced on Tuesday, according to the report, and consist of two-year notes, which have a zero percent coupon. Investment banks Goldman Sachs, Societe Generale and Banco Santander were also involved in the process.

Ethereum is the second biggest blockchain platform by market cap. It allows for the creation of multiple tokens, which can be fungible, like a currency, or non-fungible, like with digital trading cards or other NFT art.

This is not the first time a bank as issued bonds on blockchain In September 2019, Santander issued a $20 million bond on Ethereum. It used an ERC-20 token to represent the bond, which was settled using other tokens at a later date.

Another company using the public Ethereum blockchain for settlement is accounting firm EY. It is trying to get big businesses to create agreements, settle invoices and make payments on the blockchain—but it’s also working on privacy technology to keep that data confidential.

Many companies have also used private, closed versions of blockchains, where access is restricted to their clients who have permission to use the network. Instead, the banks in the European Investment Bank trial are testing out the public Ethereum blockchain.

In 2018, a broad "blockchain, not bitcoin" narrative emerged from banks and financial institutions that were declaring their interest in using blockchain tech, sans crypto. Are we now seeing the beginning of a "blockchain for bonds" rallying cry?


Heavy machine-gun fire greeted a nauseous and bloody Waverly B. Woodson, Jr. as he disembarked onto Omaha Beach the morning of June 6, 1944. A German shell had just blasted apart his landing craft, killing the man next to him and peppering him with so much shrapnel that he . read more

A safety test, which took place on April 26, 1986, at the Chernobyl nuclear power station, was deemed so routine that the plant’s director didn’t even bother showing up. It quickly spiraled out of control, however, as an unexpected power surge and steam buildup led to a series of . read more


Published January 24. 2018 2:10PM | Updated January 24. 2018 8:26PM

By Claire Bessette Day staff writer

Norwich — When Deborah Havens of Parker, Colo., decided to clean out the clutter of her home recently, she had no idea she would be digging up a mystery that would captivate her family and the 23 students in the fourth-grade class at Wequonnoc School in Taftville.

At age 60, Havens started cleaning out her home last winter, getting rid of clutter to simplify things. She came across a small, old hardcover book her father, Ronald Croft, had given her in 1979, when he was distributing some family treasures from his home in Potomac Falls, Va.

She opened the plain brown book. 𠇎lements of Geometry,” the title page said, by Henry W. Keigwin, “Teacher in the Norwich Free Academy.” The book was published in 1897. On the opposite page was the stamp: “Wequonnoc School Library, Taftville, Conn. Not to be taken from this school without permission.”

Havens decided to look up whether Wequonnoc School still existed, and when she learned that it did, she contacted Principal Scott Fain and asked if he would want the book returned. Fain, a history buff, jumped at the offer, and fourth-grade teacher Samantha Cholewa eagerly volunteered her class to research the history of the book, how it got to Colorado and who the NFA teacher was who wrote it.

Cholewa opened the well-wrapped package surrounded by students with the anticipation of opening a present on Jan. 11. “I hope your students enjoy this little piece of history,” the accompanying note read.

For the next week, students researched the history of their school, sought information on the NFA teacher who wrote the book and prepared for an interview with Havens.

Havens spent 20 minutes on speaker phone last Friday morning answering carefully prepared questions posed by several of Cholewa’s students, and a narrative — with several possible solutions to the mystery — emerged.

Havens told the students she considered selling the book on eBay, but when she saw the Wequonnoc Library stamp, she felt uncomfortable doing that and instead contacted Fain. She was thrilled at the interest the school expressed in the book.

“I was also really glad he didn’t charge me any overdue fees,” she said to the students.

Asked how her father, who went to school in the Springfield, Mass., area, got the book, Havens said no one knows for sure. But then she outlined her own research for the students. Poring through family genealogy records and family stories, she pieced together possible answers.

Her family did indeed have ties to Norwich. Her father’s great-grandfather, James L. Beebe, was 𠇊 farmer settled near Norwich,” according to the book “The Leffingwell Record: a Genealogy of the Descendants of Lieut. Thomas Leffingwell,” a founder of Norwich. Beebe married Sarah Maria Leffingwell in 1863.

Their son, Fred Beebe, married Etta Carrol Beebe, and Havens’ father thinks he might have received the book after she died.

But the family genealogy chart showed another possible source. Fred and Etta Beebe had three sons, including Frederick Charles Beebe, Havens' father’s uncle. He married Ruth Hathaway Keigwin. “Is that name familiar?” she asked the students, and reminded them that the book’s author was Henry Keigwin. But she had no information on a possible relation.

NFA officials also searched for records or photos of the author. But NFA didn’t publish annual yearbooks until 1913 —ꀖ years after the geometry book was published.

Yet another possible source of the book was Etta Beebe’s sister, Grace Willey — another prominent Norwich-area name. Grace Willey’s daughter, Bernice Willey, taught school in Norwich, possibly English, and might have become a principal. But the family doesn’t know what school she taught at, Havens said.

Havens had her own questions for the students about the history of Wequonnoc School. A day earlier, the students hosted Taftville fire Chief Timothy Jencks, the unofficial Taftville historian.

Jencks told the students Wequonnoc School had consisted of two wooden buildings, one for kindergarten through fourth grade and one for fifth through eighth grades. Built in 1872, both were located on the same grounds and were torn down when the current building was constructed in the 1950s.

The geometry book, however, contains complex problems and text likely meant for older students. With the giant Ponemah Mill cotton manufacturing plant dominating the village, Jencks said many Taftville youths did not go to high school. They worked in the mill after graduating from Wequonnoc, or some in the heavily Catholic village entered religious vocations.

In Potomac Falls, Va., Croft, Havens’ father, loved the mystery and students’ interest.

“That’s an incredible story,” he said in a telephone interview last Friday.

Croft never lived in Norwich but has strong and fond memories of the Rose City, as his family often visited relatives there. The Willeys lived on Asylum Street, he said, and other relatives lived on Washington Street. He recalled that the Asylum Street house had a lot of Civil War military regalia and souvenirs. His grandmother’s father served in the Civil War in the Connecticut Volunteers, he said.

“We used to go down and visit the relatives and I remember so much about them and the town,” Croft said of Norwich. “This is a great remembrance coming back to me.”


A collection of declassified documents from Russian, Polish, Chinese, and East German archives on North Korea's Chollima Movement and First Five-Year Plan (1957-1961).

Resolution of the 1st Meeting of the KWP CC Presidium of 1-2 February 1955

The Korean Worker's Party Central Committee identifies the causes of the shortcomings in grain purchase work and decrees new methods and solutions to overcome these problems.

Record of Conversation with Deputy DPRK Minister of Culture and Propaganda Jeong Ryul

Jeong Ryul provideds a brief on the concluding meeting of the KWP CC Presidium, in which steps to further develop agriculture were discussed.

Record of Conversation with Chairman of the Jagang Provincial People's Committee Illarion Dmitriyevich Pak

Illarion Dmitriyevich Pak informs Petrov of the expanded KWP CC Presidium meeting, specifically dealing with steps to improve the management of agriculture and issues of Party and state leadership.

Record of a Speech delivered by Kim Il Sung at the Third Congress of the Korean Workers' Party

Kim Il Sung draws on Khrushchev's speech at the 20th Congress of the CPSU in his own speech at the Third Congress of the Korean Workers' Party, and speaks to the successes of the Three-Year Plan and discusses the implementation of a similar Five-Year Plan.

Third Party Congress of the Korean Workers Party held from 24 to 30 April 1956

Kim Il Sung discusses the North Korean economy and the five-year economic plan.Three documents are added to the note: 1) A report created by the commission for mandate examination. The report covers the action of the election for the Party Congress and the composition of the delegates.2) Minutes of a speech Kim Du-bong gave, overviewing North Korean achievements and objectives. 3) A list of members of the Central Committee and Politburo of the Labor Party that were elected on the Party Congress.

Protocol No. 27/56 of the Extraordinary Meeting of the Politburo of the Central Committee on 12 June 1956 between 0900 and 1000 hours in the Central House of Unity

GDR decides what aid it will give the North Korea and which credits and technical devices they will offer until 1960.

Speech by Kim Il Sung at the August Korean Workers' Party Central Committee Plenum

Kim Il Sung reflects upon the delegation he led to the USSR and other socialist states, and speaks about solidarity in the socialist bloc and peaceful reunification on the peninsula. He discusses the Three-Year Plan and the blueprint for the Five-Year Plan.

Speech by Kim Il Sung at the August Korean Workers' Party Central Committee Plenum

Kim Il Sung reflects upon the delegation he led to the USSR and other socialist states, and speaks about solidarity in the socialist bloc and peaceful reunification on the peninsula. He discusses the Three-Year Plan and the blueprint for the Five-Year Plan.

Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK and Comrade Samsonov, 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR on 20.XII.1956

The document features a conversation between Brzezinski Henryk and comrade Samsonov. To the questions of the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK, Samsonov states his opinion on the following topics: the group from the August plenum, different groups in the leadership of the DPRK, exchange of party cards, changes in economic policies, the standard of living of the population, agricultural production, Korean unification, and the role of the intelligentsia in the DPRK.

Notes from a Conversation between the 1st Secretary of the PRL Embassy in the DPRK with the 1st Secretary of the Embassy of the USSR, Comrade Pimenov of 26-27-28-29.III.1957

Brzezinski Henryk and Comrade Pimenov discuss political groups in North Korea, Soviet specialists in the DPRK, the Neutral Nations Supervisory Commission, and the reunification of Korea.

Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 8 April 1957

Puzanov recalls Kim Du-bong's and Nam Il's explanation of the DPRK's food challenges, domestic cloth and cement production, and emphasis on solidarity with the socialist camp.

Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 9 April 1957

During his conversation with Puzanov, Kim Il Sung discusses the five-year plan to develop the DPRK's economy, the KWP's efforts to improve the standard of living for the North Korean people, factionalism and the eventual consolidation of KWP members under the official party line, Stalin's cult of personality, and problems in the North Korean judiciary.

Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 10 April 1957

Puzanov notes his protocol visits to other foreign representatives in North Korea. He relays his understanding of the DPRK's five-year plan to the Ambassador of China, Qiao Xiaoguang. Later, Puzanov summarizes Pak Jeong-ae's explanation of the need for increased vigilance against South Korea as well as news of an upcoming conference of women.

Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 11 April 1957

Puzanov, Kim Il, and Hong Myeong-hui discuss the DPRK's fertilizer needs, the possible aid of Uzbekistan grapevines to North Korea, and the DPRK's prioritization of heavy industry in its development model.

Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 17 April 1957

Kim Il Sung and the Soviet Union trade delegation discuss the DPRK's economic conditions and terms for trade between the Soviet Union and North Korea. Afterwards, Nam Il gives Puzanov an overview of discrepancies in the North Korean and Polish delegations' draft communiques.

Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 6 May 1957

Kim Il Sung informs Puzanov of the DPRK's efforts to avert South Korean subversive activity against North Korea, discussions on the construction of a new irrigation system in Chonsan, and North Korea's possibility of providing food aid to South Korea.

Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 13 May 1957

During their discussions on the development of North Korea, the Soviet delegation and DPRK delegation exchange opinions on capital investment and consumer goods production. Puzanov then draws on his trip to Hamgyong and summarizes his conclusions on the DPRK's repairs to enterprises damaged by war, increased industrial and agricultural production, and shortcoming in meeting the needs of the population and economic efficiency.

Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 16 May 1957

At a DPRK reception to honor Soviet military advisers, North Korean and Soviet officials emphasize friendship and solidarity between the two countries. Then Kim Il Sung reports on the five-year development of the DPRK economy under various economic sectors and foreign trade.

Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 20 May 1957

Nam Il and Puzanov discuss plans for the construction of a permanent railroad bridge in North Korea, the progress of the draft five-year plan for the DPRK economy, the impending arrival of a Soviet parliamentary delegation to the DPRK, and the construction of the Soviet Embassy in North Korea.

Journal of Soviet Ambassador to the DPRK A.M. Puzanov for 22 May 1957

Puzanov meets with the PRC Ambassador to the DPRK, Qiao Xiaoguang, and tells him about his trip to Hamgyong with Kim Il Sung. Both Ambassadors express respect for the hard work of the Korean people, acknowledge the shortcomings of the DPRK economy, and discuss the movement to regulate the work style of the Korean people. Qiang is unwilling to discuss intra-Party aspects of the KWP, but he agrees to continue exchanging information with Puzanov in the future.


Day 121: Cycle of Violence The Bible in a Year (with Fr. Mike Schmitz)

Fr. Mike talks about how revenge and violence can become a cycle that doesn't end until someone chooses to end it. He also points out how the genealogy in 1 Chronicles reflects the genealogy of Christ. The reading for today are 2 Samuel 2, 1 Chronicles 2, and Psalm 24.

For the complete reading plan, visit ascensionpress.com/bibleinayear.

Please note: The Bible contains adult themes that may not be suitable for children - parental discretion is advised.

Fr. Mike talks about how revenge and violence can become a cycle that doesn't end until someone chooses to end it. He also points out how the genealogy in 1 Chronicles reflects the genealogy of Christ. The reading for today are 2 Samuel 2, 1 Chronicles 2, and Psalm 24.

For the complete reading plan, visit ascensionpress.com/bibleinayear.

Please note: The Bible contains adult themes that may not be suitable for children - parental discretion is advised.


Puerto Princesa hits biggest single-day spike with 121 new COVID-19 cases

PUERTO PRINCESA CITY –– The COVID-19 surge in this city hit its biggest single-day spike of 121 new cases and three deaths, according to the City Epidemiological Surveillance Unit bulletin Monday.

The new cases are mostly from urban villages.

The deaths include a 39-year-old woman from Barangay Tiniguiban, a 48-year-old man from Iwahig, and an 87-year-old woman from San Miguel, according to city information officer Richard Ligad.

The latest spike overshadowed the reported recovery of 57 active cases.

The city now has 594 active cases, the highest peak of local transmission cases, from 1,309 confirmed cases, with 689 recoveries and 26 deaths.

Lawyer Norman Yap, spokesperson of the City IATF, acknowledged the OCTA Research Group findings that flagged Puerto Princesa as an area of concern.

It cited the local government rolling out policy interventions through two executive orders, including the imposition of workplace regulations and establishing the COVID-19 Sheriff program that is expected to reinforce the strict implementation of local health protocols.

“We have been addressing and will continue to address this concern. [We implemented] localized ECQ (enhanced community quarantine) and hard lockdown last month, the continued liquor ban and curfew, and the extended travel ban,” Yap said.

The OCTA Research Group flagged Puerto Princesa as an “area of concern” due to the surge of COVID-19 infections, noting a 78-percent spike in cases, which was significantly higher than the infection rate in Metro Manila that is now down to -27 percent.

Meanwhile, Ospital Ng Palawan GeneXpert COVID-19 Laboratory, the primary testing facility in the Palawan, will halt operations for a week to give way for “cleaning and maintenance.”

The COVID-19 laboratory will cease operation starting May 10 until the 14th, expecting a slow down in reporting of new cases as the Disease Reporting Units have also been advised to resume collecting samples only after the maintenance run.

April and May have seen a steady rise not only in the number of total COVID-19 cases in the city, which stands at 594 as of Monday.

For more news about the novel coronavirus click here.
What you need to know about Coronavirus.
For more information on COVID-19, call the DOH Hotline: (02) 86517800 local 1149/1150.

The Inquirer Foundation supports our healthcare frontliners and is still accepting cash donations to be deposited at Banco de Oro (BDO) current account #007960018860 or donate through PayMaya using this link .


NYPL Resources

For the many resources and collections at NYPL which inform school research, a helpful place to begin is a subject search of the library catalog. Below are suggested subject headings to use for an initial search of library and archival materials related to school history in the NYPL catalog:

General schools

    .
  • Education -- New York (State) -- New York – History.
  • Education -- New York (State) -- New York -- Periodicals. .
  • Education and state -- New York (State) -- New York
  • Education, Urban -- New York (State) -- New York.
  • High schools -- New York (State) -- New York . . . .

Public Schools

Private Schools

Racial and Ethnic Subjects

Directories

    .
  • High schools -- New York (State) -- New York -- Directories.
  • Private schools -- New York (State) -- New York -- Directories.
  • Public schools -- New York (State) -- New York -- Directories.

Also, for lists of schoolteachers, in addition to the above NYPL subject headings:

  • The Civil List is a list of city employees for more details, see the section on the Civil List in our division's guide to researching The City Record. Teachers are included in the Civil List after 1900. From 1881 to 1899, employees of the Board of Education, including teachers, appeared in a separate list published in The City Record , typically between January 10th and 15th, as a result of a budget reduction law .

The Archives and Manuscripts collections feature numerous personal papers and materials related to figures who taught in New York City schools, worked for the school system, or were involved in some way with public or private education in the five boroughs. For example, the results of a subject search using “Teachers -- New York (State) -- New York” will include the papers of Gertrude Elise McDougal Ayer, the single African-American public school principal in NYC from 1936—1961. Alternatively, it is also useful to keyword or subject search a specific name or school, which may result in primary sources related to the institution, like the P.S. 93 record book, 1892-1941, or Colored School No. 1, founded in 1827 in the Fort Greene Section of Brooklyn.

The Department of Education also superintends nine “specialized high schools,” like Stuyvesant High School or Bronx High School of Science, which require high scores on an admissions exam. Also, several private liberal arts schools in the city are nonsectarian, like Dalton or the Spence School. In addition to the primary or secondary resources that may be available at NYPL, and depending on the scope of research, it is sometimes advisable to contact directly the library of the school itself, whether private, like Poly Prep in Brooklyn, or public, like Staten Island Technical High School.

Depending on the subject at hand, below is a list of phrases related to NYC school history that are recommended to keyword search in the catalog:

  • Board of Education
  • Charity schools
  • Common schools
  • Community School Board
  • “Corporate School” was a 19 th century term used for child welfare institutions, such as orphan asylums, juvenile delinquent homes, and girls’ homes.
  • Denominational schools
  • Department of Education
  • Female Association
  • School for Young Ladies
  • Independent schools
  • Regents of the University of the State of New York
  • Teachers League
  • Teachers Guild
  • United Federation of Teachers
  • Ward Schools

For the origins and early history of the school system in New York City, reference books, encyclopedic New York history books, and primary source compilations are rich with historical material and citation information.

The six volume gargantua of New York City history, The Iconography of Manhattan Island, 1498-1909, provides chronology in microscopic detail of the colonial origins of New Amsterdam, and often references The Records of New Amsterdam from 1653 to 1674, which seven volumes were republished for the Bicentennial in 1976. Valentine’s Manual of Old New York, published annually between 1916—1928, is chockfull of facts, local color, folklore, reminiscences, and illustrations. New York Panorama is a comprehensive overview of the metropolis in 1938, presented in a series of articles prepared by the Federal Writers' Project, and written in lively, intimating, subjective prose. Likewise, in the early 1940s, the Works Progress Administration put together a multi-volume guide to church archives, with location information, content details, and a complete lists of schools according to denomination.

Annual volumes of the official directory of the City of New York date back as early as 1918, and since 1985 have been referred to as The Green Book.

Doggett's The Great metropolis, or New York (1845), and its succeeding issues for the late 1840s through early 1850's, is a pre-Civil War municipal directory, along with New-York As It Is (1833-1840). The Manual of the Corporation of the City of New York, akin to the Green Book, features data compiled by the Clerk of the Common Council from the 1840s through the 1870s, and serves as a municipal directory of city services, officials, departments, statistics, text of the city charter and charter revisions, and school lists. Some volumes of the Manual are also available online. The Handbook of American Private Schools might also be a useful directory, covering all U.S. states.

Directories related to the Board of Education, as noted above, can be found under the subject Education -- New York (State) -- New York -- Directories. Similar Board of Ed. information might be found in the City Register section of NYC city directories, in addition to a list of public and private schools. However, private school listings in city directories are sometimes incomplete, include post-secondary schools, and only represent a portion of total private schools in the city in a subject year. Since private schools are often affiliated with a religious institution, the city directory should also be consulted for a list of houses of worship for a specific denomination, which can then be cross-referenced to determine if school records associated with the institution might exist.

The Milstein Division also has a file of mounted clippings devoted to city schools, related to a variety of primary and secondary institutions, private and public. Many clippings note milestones or centennials for the system or individual schools. NYPL databases offer numerous resources on the subject of education, and provide extensive access to newspaper collections at NYPL and journals and periodicals related to the field of education, in addition to the resources available for request in the Periodicals Room.

Schools. Mounted clippings collection, Milstein Division, NYPL.

Yearbooks and Student Publications

Plentiful sources of information, packed with photos, and usually difficult to find, yearbooks are a common subject of research inquiry. NYPL holds numerous collections of yearbooks for New York secondary schools, like the 1940-1949 run of Maroon & Orange, the yearbook of former community school Benjamin Franklin H.S. on Pleasant Avenue in East Harlem. Technical schools, colleges, and national and international schools round out the yearbooks in NYPL collections, findable in the catalog using subject searches that begin with the name of the specific school:

Digital databases are also good sources for yearbooks:

    , available in the Milstein Division, has a collection “U.S. School Yearbooks, 1880-2012.” . at the Brooklyn Public Library . to access a significant and freely available collection of digitized U.S yearbooks.
  • The German Genealogy Group - which is not exclusive to German heritage - makes available yearbooks from 413 U.S. schools.

An archival complement to yearbooks are student publications, including literary magazines, journals edited by students, or alumni newsletters. The collections at NYPL are best tracked by subject searching the catalog:

  • High school students' writings, American -- New York (State) -- New York.
  • Schools -- Student publications -- United States.
  • High schools -- New York (State) -- New York – Periodicals.


Henrik Stenson

Wife, Emma Lisa, Karl, Alice

  • 2007 World Golf Championships-Accenture Match Play Championship
  • 2009 THE PLAYERS Championship
  • 2013 TOUR Championship by Coca-Cola, Deutsche Bank Championship
  • 2016 The Open Championship
  • 2017 Wyndham Championship

International Victories (13)

  • 2000 DEXIA-BIL Luxembourg Open [EurChall]
  • 2000 Gula Sidoma Grand Prix [EurChall]
  • 2000 2nd Cuba Challenge Tour Grand Final [EurChall]
  • 2001 Benson and Hedges International Open [Eur]
  • 2004 The Heritage at Woburn [Eur]
  • 2006 Commercialbank Qatar Masters [Eur]
  • 2006 BMW International Open [Eur]
  • 2007 Dubai Desert Classic [Eur]
  • 2008 Nedbank Challenge [SAf]
  • 2012 South African Open [Eur]
  • 2013 DP World Tour Championship [Eur]
  • 2014 DP World Tour Championship [Eur]
  • 2016 BMW International Open [Eur]
  • 2008 OMEGA Mission Hills World Cup [with Robert Karlsson]
  • 2019 Hero World Challenge
  • 2006, 2008, 2014, 2016, 2018 Ryder Cup
  • 2016 Olympic Games
  • 2005, 2006, 2008, 2009 World Cup
  • 2006, 2007, 2011 Royal Trophy
  • A family friend introduced him to the game at age of 12. Got down to scratch at age 18.
  • Wife, Emma, played golf at the University of South Carolina. He spent time practicing at the school's practice facility.
  • Having become a father and experiencing much of the world, he is taking an interest in the next generation. He and his wife founded the Henrik Stenson Foundation, where the aim is to support and encourage children to reach their full potential through sports. The Foundation has introduced two annual scholarships, Handigolfer of the Year, to encourage disabled golfers in their progress in golf and life in general. He is an ambassador for the Swedish Golf Federation's Handigolf and Handigolf Tour. With support from the R&A, he is the host for an annual training camp for disabled golfers, Henrik Stenson Handicamp. Henrik has his own junior event together with longtime caddie and friend, Fanny Sunesson. The tournament, Stenson Sunesson Junior Challenge, is open for Nordic players. He is also an ambassador for Ren Idrott which is a Swedish non-profit, anti-doping organization.

Qualified for the FedExCup Playoffs for the ninth time, but chose not to compete, ending the season at No. 90 in the FedExCup standings. Earned three top-10s and made 14 cuts in 15 starts. Did not record a top-five for the first time since 2011.

  • World Golf Championships-Dell Technologies Match Play: Went undefeated in Group Play at the World Golf Championships-Dell Technologies Match Play to advance to the Round of 16. Lost to Lucas Bjerregaard, 3 and 2, for a T9 finish.

Made 14 cuts in 16 starts, including five top-10s and a runner-up at the World Golf Championships-HSBC Champions, to advance to the FedExCup Playoffs of the seventh consecutive season and eighth overall. Finished the season at No. 57 in the FedExCup standings. Was a captain's pick at the Ryder Cup, representing Europe for the fifth time.

  • Ryder Cup: Was selected as a captain's pick and played in his fifth Ryder Cup for the European Team at Le Golf National in Paris, France. Went 3-0-0 and helped the Europeans to a 17.5-10.5 victory over the United States. Closed with a 5-and-4 victory over Bubba Watson in Singles.
  • U.S. Open: Finished T6 at the U.S. Open at 6-over 286, his third top-10 in 12 starts at the event (T6/2018, T4/2014, 9th/2009). Following a T5 at the Masters Tournament, earned top-10s at each of the first two majors of the season.
  • Masters Tournament: His T5 marked his best finish in his 13th consecutive start in the Masters Tournament, and his first top-10 at Augusta National. With rounds of 69-70-70-70--279 (-9), was one of three players to record four under-par scores (Henrik Stenson, Patrick Reed, Louis Oosthuizen).
  • Houston Open: Four rounds in the 60s led to a T6 finish at the Houston Open. Marked his fourth top-10 in seven starts at the event (T3/2009, T21/2012, T2/2013, T54/2014, 2nd/2016, MC/2017, T6/2018).
  • Arnold Palmer Invitational presented by Mastercard: Finished fourth at the Arnold Palmer Invitational presented by Mastercard for his fourth top-five in his last five starts at Bay Hill (4th/2018, MC/2017, T3/2016, 2nd/2015, T5/2015). Stood atop the leaderboard after 54 holes to enter the final round T2 or better for the third time in his last four starts at the event.
  • World Golf Championships-HSBC Champions: Shot a final-round 2-under 70 to finish T2 at the World Golf Championships-HSBC Champions for the second consecutive year. It was also the 10th runner-up result in his PGA TOUR.

Advanced to the FedExCup Playoffs for a sixth consecutive time on the strength of a win at the Wyndham Championship and T2 showing at the World Golf Championships-HSBC Champions. Made it to the BMW Championship in the FedExCup Playoffs, despite not playing in the second of four FedExCup Playoffs events, the Dell Technologies Championship.

  • BMW Championship: Following scores of 72-66-69-73--280 (-4), finished T51 at the BMW Championship and ended his season ranked 32nd in the FedExCup standings.
  • Wyndham Championship: Returning to the Wyndham Championship for the first time since 2012, birdied four of his last six holes en route to a final-round 6-under 64 and one-stroke victory over PGA TOUR rookie Ollie Schniederjans. Won with a tournament-record 22-under 258 total, topping the previous tournament record at the Wyndham Championship of 21-under 259 by Si Woo Kim/2016 and Carl Pettersson/2008. Collected his sixth PGA TOUR title in his 170th start at the age of 41 years, 4 months and 15 days (the fifth player in his 40s to win on TOUR in the season), breaking out of a tie with Jesper Parnevik and Carl Pettersson to become the all-time winningest player from Sweden on the PGA TOUR. Moved from No. 75 to No. 23 in the FedExCup standings. Opened the week with a flawless 62, his low round on the PGA TOUR. Also posted a career-best, opening 36-hole score of 12-under 128, besting 130s at the 2013 TOUR Championship and Dell Technologies Championship. Total of 194 total through three rounds marked his career-low 54-hole total (196 at the 2013 Dell Technologies Championship). With the win, improved to three of five when carrying the lead into the final round on the PGA TOUR. Entered the week No. 9 in the Official World Golf Ranking (the highest-ranked player in the field), becoming the highest-ranked player to win the Wyndham Championship since Hal Sutton won in 2000 when he was ranked fourth in the world. Won in his fourth start in Greensboro: MC-2010, MC-2011, WD-2012, Won-2017. The Wyndham Championship has now been won by an international player 19 times, with Stenson's win the sixth in the last 10 years at the event. Led the field with 29 birdies, six more than his nearest competitors.
  • World Golf Championships-Mexico Championship: After having to withdraw from the World Golf Championships-Mexico Championship with a stomach ailment, posted his second top-10 of the 2016-17 PGA TOUR Season, a T7, at the Valspar Championship. Opened with a first-round 7-under 64 at Innisbrook to get within two shots of Jim Herman's 18-hole lead. Closed with scores of 71-71-70 to finish at 8-under 276.
  • DP World Tour Championship: Capped off his European Tour season, which included becoming the first Swede to win a major championship and an Olympic silver medal, with a 7-under par 65 in the DP World Tour Championship to secure the Race to Dubai title for the second time in his career (2013, 2016). Season included two victories and three runner-up finishes to five him the season-long title over runner-up Danny Willett.
  • Hero World Challenge: Posted his second-consecutive runner-up finish at the Hero World Challenge and his fourth top-five finish in as many attempts at the event (2nd/2016, 2nd/2014, T5/2007, 4/2006).
  • World Golf Championships-HSBC Champions: Made his 2016-17 PGA TOUR debut at the World Golf Championships-HSBC Champions where a final-round 65 led to a T2 finish, seven shots behind winner Hideki Matsuyama. Hit 13 of 14 fairways and 17 of 18 greens in the final round, leading to his best finish at the HSBC Champions, besting a T11 in 2015.

Advanced to the FedExCup Playoffs for the fifth consecutive season, thanks to seven top-25 finishes in 12 starts during the regular PGA TOUR season. Of those, three were top-five finishes, including his first major title at The Open Championship at Troon. Withdrew from The Barclays with a recurrence of a knee injury after an opening-round 74. Finished T41 at the Deutsche Bank Championship and decided not to compete at the BMW Championship and instead rest up for the Ryder Cup, therefore ending his season at No. 36 in the FedExCup standings. Took five starts on the PGA TOUR before first top-10, a T3 finish at the Arnold Palmer Invitational presented by MasterCard. Marked his third consecutive top-five performance in the event (2016/T3, 2015/2 and 2014/T5). His 1-under 71 in the final round marked his 10th consecutive under-par round at Bay Hill and 17th out of his last 18.

  • Nedbank Golf Challenge: Held at least a share of the lead through 36 holes at the Nedbank Golf Challenge on the Sunshine Tour in December 2015, before weekend rounds of 70-72 resulted in a runner-up finish, six strokes behind winner Marc Leishman.
  • Ryder Cup: Making his fourth start at the Ryder Cup, went 2-3 in his five matches in the European team's 17-11 loss to the United States at Hazeltine. Wrapped up the week with a 3&2 singles victory over Jordan Spieth.
  • Deutsche Bank Championship: Ended his season after a T41 at the Deustche Bank Championship, finishing at No. 36 in the FedExCup.
  • Olympic Men's Golf Competition: Represented Sweden when golf returned to the Olympics for the first time since 1904 in the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. With rounds of 66-68-68, was one shot off Justin Rose's lead after 54 holes. In the final round, headed to the 72nd hole tied with Rose at 15-under, but bogeyed while Rose made birdie to win the gold medal. Claimed silver with a 13-under total.
  • PGA Championship: Finished T7 at the PGA Championship at Baltusrol. Followed three opening 67s with a 1-over 71 in the final round to finish at 8-under 272. Was under par in the final round, before a double bogey at the par-4 15th dropped him to 1-over.
  • The Open Championship: Became the first player from Sweden to win a major championship, winning the 145th Open Championship at Royal Troon. Three days after Phil Mickelson became the 26th player to post a 63 in a major, recorded his own 63 in the final round, becoming just the second player to shoot a 63 in the final round of a major and go on to win (Johnny Miller, 1973 U.S. Open at Oakmont). Broke the record for lowest aggregate total score in a major (264), and tied the record for lowest 72-hole score in relation to par in a major (-20). His 20-under-par 264 broke the tournament record for lowest winning total in relation to par since 1963 (19-under par, Tiger Woods, St. Andrews, 2000). Victory marked his fifth career PGA TOUR win in his 154th career start at the age of 40 years, 3 months, 12 days, becoming the oldest first-time major winner since Darren Clarke won The Open Championship in 2011 at the age of 42. Became just the fourth player to win The Open Championship after posting four rounds under 70, and first at Royal Troon. Ernie Els carded four rounds in the 60s at Troon in 2004 (69-69-68-68), but lost in a playoff. Became the seventh consecutive Open Championship winner who played the week prior to his win (having finished T13 at the Scottish Open the week before).
  • BMW International Open: Won his 10th European Tour title and second at the BMW International Open in June. Became the first player to win the BMW International Open at two different courses.
  • U.S. Open: Withdrew during the second round of the U.S. Open.
  • Shell Houston Open: In his next start, finished runner-up at the Shell Houston Open, one stroke behind winner Jim Herman. Was his third top-three finish in Houston. Led the field in total birdies with 22.
  • Abu Dhabi HSBC Golf Championship: Returned to action in January on the European Tour, finishing T3 in Abu Dhabi HSBC Golf Championship.

Made all 16 cuts to go with eight top-10s and four second-place finishes. Three of four runner-up outings came in the FedExCup Playoffs, which led him to a No. 2 finish in the standings.

  • Surgery: Underwent surgery in Orlando, Fla., on Dec. 9, 2015 to repair a meniscus in his right knee.
  • BMW Championship: Finished T10 at the BMW Championship, with rounds of 71-63-71-67. At 12-under 272, finished a distant 10 strokes behind champion Day. At No. 4 in the FedExCup standings, returned to East Lake with a solid chance to win the FedExCup for the second time in his career (2013). The finish outside Chicago marked his first top-10 in four starts at the BMW Championship. Held the first- and second-round leads at the TOUR Championship by Coca-Cola before relinquishing his advantage on the weekend to Jordan Spieth. Finished T2 in Atlanta, four shots behind Spieth. Maintained an impressive record at the TOUR Championship, with a victory in 2013 to go with his runner-up performance. Finished as the highest-ranked player in the standings without a victory during the season.
  • Deutsche Bank Championship: Entered the final round of the Deutsche Bank Championship, an event he won en route to the FedExCup in 2013, with a one-stroke lead over Rickie Fowler. Made the turn on the final day with a two-stroke lead over Fowler, but an eventual double bogey on the par-3 17th hole proved disastrous, dropping him to 14-under and a solo second-place finish (one behind Fowler). The runner-up performance (the sixth of his career on the PGA TOUR to go along with four wins) came in his fourth start in the Deutsche Bank Championship. Marked his second straight second-place finish, coming up short of Jason Day's win the previous week at The Barclays. Remained No. 4 in the FedExCup standings returned heading into the BMW Championship. The 2015 DBC marked his third 54-hole lead on the PGA TOUR. At the 2013 TOUR Championship by Coca-Cola, he converted for the win, but finished second at this year's Arnold Palmer Invitational and Deutsche Bank Championship after having the 54-hole lead.
  • The Barclays: Posted four rounds in the 60s (68-66-67-66) to finish solo second at The Barclays, but a distant six strokes behind champion Jason Day. It marked the fifth runner-up finish of his career and second of the season (Arnold Palmer Invitational). The 2013 FedExCup champion moved to No. 4 in the standings heading into the Deutsche Bank Championship.
  • World Golf Championships-Bridgestone Invitational: Recorded his seventh top-10 of the season, finishing T6 at the World Golf Championships-Bridgestone Invitational.
  • U.S. Open: Opened with a 5-under 65 to share the first-round lead with Dustin Johnson at the U.S. Open. Added rounds of 74-72-74 to finish T27.
  • Arnold Palmer Invitational presented by MasterCard: Took a two-stroke lead into the final round of the Arnold Palmer Invitational. His final-round, 2-under 70 wasn't enough to hold off a hard-charging Matt Every, the event's defending champion, who closed with a 6-under 66 to win by one stroke. His runner-up finish at Bay Hill was his third consecutive top-10 in the event. He finished T8 in 2013 and T5 in 2014.
  • World Golf Championships-Cadillac Championship: Finished T4 at the Cadillac Championship in his 28th World Golf Championships start. Was seeking his second win in the series, having won the 2007 Cadillac Match Play. Best outing in eight Cadillac Championship starts is T3 in his inaugural appearance, in 2005.
  • Hero World Challenge: En route to a runner-up finish at the Hero World Challenge in December 2014, along with Jordan Spieth were the only two players to record all four rounds in the 60s. Scores of 67-68-68-69–272 at Isleworth G&CC put him at 16-under, 10 strokes behind winner Spieth. It was his third start in the event and first since 2007.

Once again, played a worldwide schedule. On the PGA TOUR, missed just one cut in 15 starts and collected a pair of major championship top-10 finishes. The defending FedExCup champion played his way through the first three Playoffs events before settling in at No. 52 in the FedExCup standings after the BMW Championship.

  • Thailand Golf Championship: In December, finished second to Sergio Garcia at the Thailand Golf Championship in Chonburi. Began the final round four strokes off Garcia's lead and drew to within two shots at one point Sunday but could only match Garcia's 4-under 68 to finish where he started.
  • DP World Tour Championship: In late-November 2014, won the European Tour's DP World Tour Championship for a second consecutive season, shooting a final-round 70 at Jumeirah Golf Estates in Dubai to edge Victor Dubuisson, Rory McIlroy and Justin Rose by two shots. In the process, moved to second overall on the final Race to Dubai earnings' chart. Began the final round in Dubai tied for the lead with Rafael Cabrera-Bello, three shots ahead of Rose. Was tied with Cabrera-Bello through 10 holes in the final round before he hit his tee shot out of bounds on the 11th, giving Cabrera-Bello a two-shot advantage. Reclaimed the lead for good on the par-3 17th when he made a tap-in birdie then added an insurance birdie on the closing hole. The victory was his fourth in the Middle East, tying him with Ernie Els for the most wins in that part of the world. It was also the first time he had successfully defended any title.
  • Volvo World Match Play Championship: In mid-October 2014, advanced to the finals of the European Tour's Volvo World Match Play Championship in England. Halved his opening-day match with George Coetzee and didn't lose again until the finals, dispatching Francesco Molinari, Thongchai Jaidee, Jonas Blixt and Coetzee before falling to Mikko Ilonen in the championship match at The London GC, 3 and 1. Began the final round of the European Tour's Turkish Airlines Open tied for 17th in November 2014. Made nine birdies on the final day against only one bogey to move up the leaderboard into a solo-third position, three shots behind winner Brooks Koepka. His 64 tied him with Victor Dubuisson and Ian Poulter for low round of the tournament.
  • Ryder Cup: At the Ryder Cup at Gleneagles in Scotland, went 3-1-0 in his four matches to help lead the European team to a five-point victory in the biennial event.
  • PGA Championship: Finished T3, two strokes behind Rory McIlroy at the PGA Championship, marking his fourth top-10 finish in eight PGA Championship starts (third in 2013, T4 in 2008 and T6 in 2009). Had one top-25 finish in his first 10 major championship appearances but has followed with 16 top-25s in his last 25 starts. Likewise, he failed to record a top-10 in his first 11 major starts but has nine in his last 24 majors.
  • U.S. Open: Opened the U.S. Open with three rounds at par or better (69-69-70), following with a 3-over 73 to finish T4, 10 strokes behind runaway winner Martin Kaymer. Previous-best U.S. Open finish in eight starts was ninth in 2009.
  • Nordea Masters: Made a valiant effort at victory at the Nordea Masters in Malmo, Sweden. Shot a third-round, 8-under 64 but could only come up with a 71 on the final day, leaving him in fifth place, two shots out of the Thongchai Jaidee-Victor Dubuisson-Stephen Gallacher playoff that Jaidee won.
  • BMW PGA Championship: Finished T7 in late-May on the European Tour, at the BMW PGA Championship.
  • Arnold Palmer Invitational presented by MasterCard: Finished T5 in his sixth start at the Arnold Palmer Invitational. His previous-best finish at Bay Hill was T8 in 2013.
  • BMW International Open: Made it into another BMW-sponsored tournament playoff, this time the BMW International Open in Germany. Shot four rounds in the 60s at GC Gut Larchenhof (68-68-66-67) to join the four-man playoff with Fabrizio Zanotti, Rafael Cabrera-Bello and Gregory Havret. With Havret dropping out after the second hole and Cabrera-Bello bowing out after four holes, couldn't match Zanotti on the fifth hole to drop into a T2.

Highlighted his career-best PGA TOUR season with a three-shot victory at the TOUR Championship by Coca-Cola, leading to the FedExCup title and adding his name to the list of winners, which includes Tiger Woods, Vijay Singh, Jim Furyk, Bill Haas and Brandt Snedeker. Also added a playoff victory at the Deutsche Bank Championship for his seventh top-10 of the campaign. Also added a playoff victory at the Deutsche Bank Championship for his seventh top-10 of the campaign.

  • Nedbank Golf Challenge: Finished fourth at the Nedbank Golf Challenge on the European Tour in South Africa. Was 16-under for the week at Gary Player CC.
  • DP World Tour Championship: Rolled to a convincing victory at the DP World Tour Championship in Dubai that gave him a win in The Race to Dubai, the European Tour season-long points competition. That victory distinction came two months after he won the PGA TOUR's FedExCup. He shot a final-round 64 at the Jumeirah Golf Estates, punctuated with a tap-in eagle on the 72nd hole that earned him a six-shot victory over runner-up Ian Poulter, who playfully waved a white towel in surrender on the final hole.
  • Turkish Airlines Open: At the Turkish Airlines Open in early November, opened with a 64 at The Montgomerie Maxx Royal and then peeled off rounds of 68-69-69 over his final 54 holes to T7 in Antalya, six shots behind winner Victor Dubuisson.
  • TOUR Championship by Coca-Cola: Entered the TOUR Championship by Coca-Cola in second place in the FedExCup standings, one of five players who controlled their own destiny with a win at East Lake. Jumped out to the first-round lead with a 6-under 64, later adding rounds of 66-69-68 for a three-stroke victory over Jordan Spieth and Steve Stricker. The wire-to-wire win was the second of the season (Mickelson/Waste Management Phoenix Open) and just the second in the history of the TOUR Championship (Tom Watson/1987). In addition to the $1,440,000 first-place check, earned $10 million for winning the FedExCup. The 37-year-old Swede became the first European player to win the TOUR Championship as well as the first to win the FedExCup. Other international winners of the TOUR Championship include Mike Weir (2001), Singh (2002), Retief Goosen (2004), Adam Scott (2006) and Camilo Villegas (2008). Including inaugural winner Tom Watson in 1987, he became the fifth player to win the TOUR Championship by Coca-Cola in his first appearance, joining Tom Watson (1987), Chad Campbell (2003), Bart Bryant (2005) and Haas (2011). Dominating performance in the FedExCup Playoffs shown in his Greens in Regulation, leading The Barclays field by hitting 53 of 72, the Deutsche Bank Championship field by hitting 61 of 72 and the TOUR Championship by Coca-Cola field (hitting 56 of 72). Joined Singh (2008) as the only players to win the Deutsche Bank Championship and the FedExCup in the same season. Additional highlights include becoming the fifth player with multiple Playoffs victories in a season and becoming the sixth multiple winner of the year.
  • Deutsche Bank Championship: Entered the final round of the Deutsche Bank Championship trailing Sergio Garcia by two strokes before a 5-under 66 led to a two-stroke win over Steve Stricker. His third PGA TOUR victory came at age 37 years, 4 months, 28 days in his 110th career start. With the victory, moved into the top spot in the FedExCup standings, 14 points clear of Woods. Finished at 22-under 262, tying Charley Hoffman (2010) and Singh (2008) for the best 72-hole score in tournament history. Led the field by hitting 61 of 72 greens in regulation. Became the fifth player to win a World Golf Championships event, a FedExCup Playoffs event and the PLAYERS Championship, joining Mickelson, Woods, Adam Scott and Matt Kuchar, with Scott having joined the list the week before at The Barclays. Is one of eight Swedish players to win on the PGA TOUR. Picked up the fifth win by an International player at the Deutsche Bank Championship in the 11-year history of the event: (Scott in 2003), Singh in 2004 and 2008) and Rory McIlroy (2012).
  • PGA Championship: Finished third at the PGA Championship in his seventh career start in the event. Was one of four players who did not shoot an over-par round (68-66-69-70) at the final major of the season.
  • World Golf Championships-Bridgestone Invitational: Opened with a 5-under 65 at the World Golf Championships-Bridgestone Invitational to stand one shot off the lead after 18 holes at Firestone CC. Ensuing rounds of 70-67-70 resulted in a T2, with defending champion Keegan Bradley.
  • BMW International Open: Finished T10 at the European Tour's BMW International Open in June in Germany.
  • The Open Championship: Making his 106th PGA TOUR start, notched his second runner-up finish, three strokes behind Mickelson at The Open Championship. It marked his second runner-up finish of the season (Shell Houston Open). Has now finished inside the top three in three of the last six years at The Open Championship (T3 in 2008 and T3 in 2010).
  • Scottish Open: Took a two-stroke lead into the final round of the Scottish Open in mid-July after opening 70-64-66 at Castle Stuart GL. Dropped to a Sunday 73 in the final round to T3, two strokes out of the Phil Mickelson-Branden Grace playoff.
  • THE PLAYERS Championship: Back at THE PLAYERS Championship, posted a second-round, 5-under 67 to eventually net a T5 with Ryan Palmer and Martin Laird in his eighth consecutive start in the event. His 67 was one stroke shy of his record low at TPC Sawgrass, most recently posted in the final round of 2009, when he won. His finish marked his third top-10 of the season, his most since claiming four in 2009.
  • Shell Houston Open: Birdied four of his last five holes in the final round of the Shell Houston Open to record a T2, his best PGA TOUR finish since his win at the 2009 PLAYERS Championship. The finish outside Houston vaulted him into the top 50 in the Official World Golf Ranking, earning him a spot in the Masters Tournament for the eighth consecutive season.
  • Arnold Palmer Invitational presented by MasterCard: Finished T8 at the Arnold Palmer Invitational, his first top-10 in five Bay Hill appearances.

Qualified for theFedExCup Playoffs for the second time (2007) but finished T54 at The Barclays and failed to advance to the second Playoffs event. Ended No. 111 in the FedExCup standings.

  • DP World Tour Championship: In Dubai, at the European Tour's season-ending event, put together four solid rounds at Jumeirah Golf Estates to T7 at the DP World Tour Championship.
  • South African Open: Ended a three-year victory drought when he captured the South African Open late in the year at the Serengeti Golf and Wildlife Estate in mid-November. In picking up his first title since the 2009 PLAYERS Championship, he held off runner-up George Coetzee by three shots. He joined Mathias Gronberg (2000) as the only other Swedish-born player to win the South African Open. He entered the tournament No. 59 in the Race to Dubai standings, with the top-60 earning an invite to the DP World Tour Championship. The victory ensured an invite to the event.
  • Portugal Masters: In mid-October, on the European Tour, he was T6 at the Portugal Masters in Algarve. Shot back-to-back 68s on the weekend at Oceanico Victoria GC.
  • KLM Open: Out of the FedExCup Playoffs, he traveled to the Netherlands and contended at the KLM Open. Had four par-or-better rounds in the Netherlands to T5.
  • BMW International Open: Stayed in contention all week, at the BMW International Open in Germany in June. Shot a final-round 70 at GC Gut Larchenhof but fell two shots short of the Marcus Fraser-Danny Willett playoff that Willett won.
  • THE PLAYERS Championship: One of just four players to card four sub-par rounds (71-71-71-70) at THE PLAYERS Championship en route to a T15, marking his first made cut at TPC Sawgrass since winning the 2009 PLAYERS.
  • Puerto Rico Open presented by seepuertorico.com: Finished T3 at the Puerto Rico Open, with rounds of 70-69-65-71. Recorded his first top-10 since the 2010 Open Championship (T3).

Struggled most of the season, going without a top-10 finish for first time since before 2005 season. Made nine of 15 cuts, but only had two top-25s.

  • Children's Miracle Network Hospitals Classic: Showed flashes of old form in the last event of the season when he held the second-round co-lead at the Children's Miracle Network Classic. Finished T12 at the Disney World event after a final-round 73.
  • BMW International Open: Top finish on the European Tour was a T9 at the BMW International Open in June.
  • The Open Championship: Recorded his first top-10 of the season in his ninth start, a T3 finish at The Open Championship. It was his fifth top-10 in his last nine major championship appearances: 2010 Open Championship (T3), 2009 PGA Championship (T6), 2009 U.S. Open (ninth), 2008 PGA Championship (T4) and 2008 Open Championship (T3).

Won THE PLAYERS Championship with a final-round 66 and recorded four top-10 finishes on the PGA TOUR. All four career top-10 finishes in major championships have been posted in his last five starts, including a T10 at the 2009 U.S. Open at Bethpage State Park's Black Course, T6 at the 2009 PGA Championship, T4 at the 2008 PGA Championship and T3 at the 2008 Open Championship.

  • OMEGA Mission Hills World Cup: Teamed with Robert Karlsson for Sweden in defense of 2008 title at the OMEGA Mission Hills World Cup.
  • U.S. Open Championship: Shot a final-round 68 at Bethpage Black to move into the top 10 at the 2009 U.S. Open.
  • THE PLAYERS Championship: Fired a bogey-free, 6-under 66 in the final round at TPC Sawgrass to claim a four-stroke victory over Ian Poulter at THE PLAYERS Championship for his second win on the PGA TOUR. Trailed Alex Cejka by five shots entering the final round and finished at 12-under 276. The 66 matched the best score of the final round. Aaron Baddeley also had a 66 with the first tee time of the day. Stenson missed only one fairway in the final round.
  • Shell Houston Open: Also finished T3 at Shell Houston Open, making 10 straight pars to close the tournament with a final-round 70 when only four rounds in the 60s were recorded on the final day.
  • OMEGA Mission Hills World Cup: In December teamed with Robert Karlsson for Sweden to win the OMEGA Mission Hills World Cup in China. The following week, won the Nedbank Challenge in South Africa by nine strokes.
  • PGA Championship: In the next major championship, the PGA Championship, finished T4. Was one stroke back after 54 holes, but a closing 2-over 72 dropped him to T4, his second top-10 in 14 major championship starts.
  • The Open Championship: Making his 14th start in a major championship, posted first career top-10 finish with a T3 at The Open Championship.
  • THE PLAYERS Championship: Recorded his second top-10 of the season with a T10 at THE PLAYERS.
  • World Golf Championships-Accenture Match Play Championship: Finished third at the World Golf Championships-Accenture Match Play Championship, defeating Justin Leonard in the consolation final 3 and 2. Fell to eventual-champion Tiger Woods in the semifinals, 2-up.
  • World Golf Championships-Accenture Match Play Championship: In first start as an official member of the PGA TOUR, won the Accenture Match Play Championship, defeating defending champion Geoff Ogilvy, 2 and 1, in the 36-hole championship match. Fourth player from Sweden to win on TOUR. First TOUR rookie to win in 2007 and the third player to collect first TOUR title at the Accenture Match Play Championship.
  • Dubai Desert Classic: Withstood challenges of three-time champion Ernie Els, No. 1-ranked Tiger Woods, fellow Swede Niclas Fasth and England's Ross Fisher to win the Dubai Desert Classic at the Emirates GC. A seven-foot birdie putt on the final green gave him a one-stroke victory over Els, his playing partner for four days.

Finished the equivalent of 104th on the PGA TOUR money list, with his $821,678 total in 10 events entered. As a non-member, needed to collect more than the 125th place finisher on the 2006 TOUR money list in order to earn his card for the 2007 season.

  • World Golf Championships-Barbados World Cup: Paired with Carl Pettersson to represent Sweden at the World Golf Championships-World Cup in Barbados.
  • BMW International Open: Won the BMW International Open on the European Tour in a one-hole playoff over Retief Goosen and Padraig Harrington.
  • PGA Championship: Shared the second-round lead at 8-under 136 with three others at the PGA Championship. Finished T14.
  • THE PLAYERS Championship: Finished T3 in his first career start at THE PLAYERS Championship. Was two strokes back of the leader through 54 holes, but closed with 1-over 73.
  • Commercialbank Qatar Masters: Won the Commercialbank Qatar Masters earlier in the year. Finished the season sixth on the Order of Merit.

Totaled eight top-10s, including three seconds, on the European Tour to place eighth on the Order of Merit.

  • World Golf Championships-American Express Championship: Picked up his first top-10 in five career starts in a TOUR event, a T3 at the World Golf Championships-American Express Championship at Harding Park in San Francisco.
  • Benson and Hedges International: Captured first European Tour title at the Benson and Hedges International.

Returned to the European Challenge Tour and won the money title with eight top-10s that included three wins.

Finished 21st on the European Challenge Tour after just seven tournaments.


Watch the video: This Day in History on September 6th (January 2022).