28 December 1940
War in the Air
Luftwaffe attacks Southampton by day and the south west by night
RAF attacks oil targets at Rotterdam and Antwerp as well as the invasion ports
December 28, 1940
It was the 52nd Saturday of 1940. If you were born on this date your birthday numbers 12, 28 and 1940 reveal that your life path number is 9. Your zodiac sign is Capricorn with a ruling planet Saturn , your birthstone is the Tanzanite, Turquoise, Zircon and Topaz , and your birth flower is the Narcissus . You are 80 years old, and were born in 1940s, in the middle of Silent Generation. The generation you are born into makes an impact on your life. Swipe up to find out what it all means.
→ December 28, 1940 was a Saturday
→ Zodiac sign for this date is Capricorn
→ This date was 29,394 days ago
→ 1940 was the Year of the Dragon
→ In 2021, December 28 is on Wednesday
View snazzy December 28, 1940 birthday facts that no one tells you about, such as your life path number, birthstone, ruling planet, zodiac sign and birth flower.
People born on this day will turn 81 in exactly .
If you were born on this date:
You have been alive for . You were born in the Year of the Dragon. Your birth sign is Capricorn with a ruling planet Saturn. There were precisely 996 full moons after you were born up to this day. Your billionth second was on was on September 5, 1972.
→ You’ve slept 9,798 days or 26.84 years.
→ Your next birthday is away
→ You’ve been alive
→ You were born in the Year of the Dragon
→ You have been alive 705,470 hours
→ You are 42,328,203 minutes old
→ Age on next birthday: 81 years old
1940’s Christmas On The Home Front
In the 1940’s, while America was in the midst of World War II, the way Christmas was celebrated was a lot different than today. Decorating for Christmas involved the idea of simplicity, mostly out of necessity.
While the men were off fighting World War II, moms at home would try to make things as normal as they could for their children, and would often encourage their children to write Christmas cards, and to make their fathers feel as though he was still part of the festivities. Mom and kids would make large care packages to send to their dad. Inside these care packages would be cards, candies, cookies, pictures, and other treats to really try to bring the Christmas spirit to their men.
Some people believe that the holiday shopping season that now begins well before Christmas.. actually began during World War II because it took so long for a package to reach our troops. Merchants began encouraging people to shop early for the season to make sure the packages would arrive in time.
Christmas is a wonderful time of year, and whether it is now or then, the holidays are a time for families to gather and show their love for one another by spending time together to decorate a tree, share a meal, and give each other heartfelt gifts.
- During World War II Christmas trees were in short supply because of a lack of manpower (to cut the trees down) and a shortage of railroad space to ship the trees to market. Americans rushed to buy American-made Visca artificial trees.
- In 1941, a five-foot Christmas tree could be purchased for 75 cents.
- The shortage of materials—like aluminum and tin—used to produce ornaments led many people to make their own ornaments at home. Magazines contained patterns for ornaments made out of non-priority war materials, like paper, string, and natural objects, such as pine cones or nuts.
- Electric bubble lights were created during the 1940s and remain popular even today.
- To give their Christmas tree a snow-covered effect, people mixed a box of Lux soap powder with two cups of water and brushed the concoction on the branches of their tree.
- Fewer men at home resulted in fewer men available to dress up and play Santa Claus. Women served as substitute Santas at Saks Fifth Avenue in New York City and at other department stores throughout the United States.
- “I’ll Be Home For Christmas” and “White Christmas” were both written during the 1940s and quickly gained popularity with the war-weary, but optimistic, population.
- Travel during the holidays was limited for most families due to the rationing of tires and gasoline. Americans saved up their food ration stamps to provide extra food for a fine holiday meal.
- Many Americans threw their German blown-glass ornaments and exotic Japanese ornaments in the trash as soon as the war began. Shortly after the war, Corning Glass Company in New York began mass-producing Christmas tree balls using machines designed to produce light bulbs. Corning could make more ornaments in a single minute than a German cottage glass blower could make in a whole day.
This Was Brainerd - Dec. 28
Third-period goals by J.P. Platisha and Brian Reese lifted the Warrior hockey team to a 3-2 win over Hibbing in the George Perpich Memorial Hockey Tournament. Brainerd goalie Tyler John had a great game, stopping 44 shots. “It was a big section win on the road,” said coach Ty Eigner.
Mayor Bob Olson wants to see the Hoff and Allen report, an investigation into allegations of corruption in the Brainerd police department. And he wants a Saturday (Dec. 30) council meeting so he can do so, because he'll be a private citizen on Tuesday (Jan. 1) and not allowed to see it, according to the city attorney, D.A. Larson.
Brainerd will play host Jan. 26 and 27 to the 16 th running of the St. Paul Winter Carnival 500 Cross Country Snowmobile Race, which begins at Winnipeg on Jan. 24. Snowmobilers will arrive from Bemidji at BIR between noon and 3 p.m. Racers will stay at the Holiday Inn, then leave BIR for St. Paul at 9 a.m. the next morning.
(Adv.) Paul's Shoe Store – Big Sale! Women's Dress and Casual Shoes – Reg. $14 and $15 – Now $8 Snow Boots – Reg. $11 and $14 – Now $7 and $8. Men's Roblee and Pedwin Shoes – Reg. $10 to $19 – Now $7 and $10. Kid's Buster Brown Shoes – Just $4. Paul's Shoes – All Sales Cash and Final.
Five teams have been formed to comprise the A League of the city basketball program. In all, 70 players had signed up and paid their 25 cents for membership. So far, six players have been drawn for each team and captains named, with two more players to be drawn for each team. Teams are now searching for sponsors.
Christmas Day, always the most keenly enjoyed of the holidays, was a day of homecomings in Brainerd. Enough snow fell to make it a white Christmas and to convince children that Santa really did travel in a sleigh. And the bells rang at midnight at many churches, signaling late night services.
28 December 1940 - History
The Pledge of Allegiance, thought to have been written in 1892 by Francis Bellamy, was officially recognized by Congress only in 1945. “The Pledge ” was published anonymously by a magazine for young people, The Youth’s Companion on September 8, 1892, and was written in celebration of the 400th anniversary of the discovery of America. The published Pledge reads
“I Pledge allegiance to my Flag and the Republic for which it stands one Nation indivisible, with Liberty and Justice for All.”
The Pledge was accompanied by instructions for a salute to be performed as part of the Columbus Day celebrations: “At the words, ‘To the Flag,’ the right hand is extended gracefully, palm upward, toward the Flag, and remains in this gesture till the end of the affirmation whereupon all hands immediately drop to the side.”
The first flag salute statute [requiring children in public schools to recite the Pledge of Allegiance] was passed in New York in 1898, the day after the United States declared war on Spain. New York’s state superintendent, in his Manual of Patriotism, included five possible ‘patriotic pledges’ that teachers might use in their classes. One of these was Bellamy’s, but it was placed fifth.
In 1940, the US Supreme Court ruled in Minersville School District v. Gobitis that a local school board could expel students who refuse to recite the Pledge. Justice Felix Frankfurter wrote:
“So far as the Federal Constitution is concerned, it is within the province of the legislatures and school authorities of the several States to adopt appropriate means to evoke and foster a sentiment of national unity among the children in the public schools.”
In 1942, legislation was adopted by Congress “to codify and emphasize existing customs pertaining to the display and use of the flag of the United States of America.” The text of the pledge, as originally written and modified a bit by the National Flag Conference in 1923 and 1924, was inserted into this legislation (Public Law 829, Chapter 806, 77th Congress, 2nd session), but without designating it as the official pledge. (The small changes made to the text resulted in this version: “I pledge allegiance to the Flag of the United States of America and to the Republic for which it stands, one nation, indivisible, with liberty and justice for all.”) Congress also amended the Flag Code this year, substituting the original straight arm salute, associated with Nazi Germany, with the current salute of the right hand over the heart.
In 1943 the Supreme Court overturned the Gobitis decision in the case of West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette. Justice Robert Jackson wrote that the compulsory state action violated the First and Fourteenth Amendments, and that “Under the Federal Constitution, compulsion as here employed is not a permissible means of achieving ‘national unity.'” He famously added:
“If there is any fixed star in our constitutional constellation, it is that no official, high or petty, can prescribe what shall be orthodox in politics, nationalism, religion or other matters of opinion or force citizens to confess by word or act their faith therein.”
Then in 1945, additional legislation was introduced into Congress by Representative Herman P. Eberharter of Pennsylvania, which amended the 1942 act to give official congressional sanction to the pledge.
The words “under God” were added by Congress on June 14, 1954, in response to the anti-Communist (and thus anti-atheist) opinion sweeping the country during the Cold War. This addition to the law, sanctioned by President Eisenhower, is still controversial. (President Eisenhower said in signing the law, from “this day forward, the millions of our schoolchildren will daily proclaim, in every city and town, every village and rural schoolhouse, the dedication of our nation and our people to the Almighty.”)
The legislation for The Pledge is found in Title 4, Chapter 1, Section 4 of the U.S. Code.
The Federal legislation does not refer to schools it is state and local law that mandates recitation of The Pledge in schoolrooms. Students may decline to participate, although as even the Supreme Court has recognized, the consequences could be deleterious. Schoolchildren of minority faiths, by so declining, would isolate themselves from classmates and open themselves up to ridicule and rejection.
The use of the phrase “under God” is still being contested and litigated. You can read more about it in this Smithsonian article.
December 28: On this day in Cambridge history
On this day, Ely Corn Exchange was used for the last time as a corn market, St John’s College planned to develop a science park in north Cambridge, and a surgeon treated his patients to some tobacco and cigars for Christmas.
By InYourArea Community
Each day, Mike Petty looks through the archives of the Cambridge News. Below are some of the stories that made the headlines on December 28.
It's make or break time for Saffron Walden
The next ten years could prove the making or breaking of Saffron Walden as a small but thriving market town.
With the expansion of Stansted airport and the prospect of a gigantic out-of-town shopping complex at Duxford it could suffer an identity crisis.
With hundreds of people due to flood the district looking for homes, the whole concept of the area could change dramatically.
At the start of the 1980s, George Street had an ancient swimming pool, a derelict pig market, a large Choppens hardware store and a small gateway supermarket.
Now, most of the relics of the old days have disappeared. But residents have saved the imposing rectory in Museum Street, fought traffic proposals and campaigned to prevent a car park plan for Swan Meadow.
Ely transformed by a decade of investment
Opening the Cloisters development in Ely.
Ely has gone from gloom to boom over the past 10 years.
The closure of the sugar beet factory at Queen Adelaide with the loss of jobs was the biggest blow. The weekly livestock market closed as did Littleport Village College and a number of schools.
But now the city, for so long a sleepy backwater in the Fens, is about to witness one of the most dramatic periods of change in its entire history.
There will be multi-million pound shopping centre, housing estates and industrial areas together with a new community of 1,500 houses between Ely and Cambridge.
St John's College to develop science park
St John’s College is to go ahead with plans to develop its 22-acre science park site in north Cambridge, even though part of it has been rejected by planners.
The college has owned the land since 1530 but it has been semi-derelict since 1945.
The site, sometimes known as ‘the teardrop,’ lies between the new and old A10 roads at Milton and has been split by the building of the northern by-pass with its raised interception.
The government says part lies in the green belt and should remain undeveloped.
Ely Corn Exchange no longer a corn market
Ely Corn Exchange interior
Ely Corn Exchange, built in 1847, was used for the last time as a corn market.
Only a handful of farmers, merchants and representatives of seed, feeding stuffs, fertilisers and oil companies turned up for the building’s last two hours’ use as an indoor market.
Before the war, some 300 people from the eastern counties and London congregated every Thursday and Broad Street was packed with people coming off the trains to the markets.
Now, market activities will be transferred across the road to the Club Hotel.
The Exchange, recently purchased by a London development company, will continue to be used for a variety of events such as dinners, dances, darts tournaments and wrestling matches.
Learn more about Cambridge history at Fenland History on Facebook.
Comedian plays loveable Buttons in Cinderella
Its panto-time again and comedian Davy Kaye heads the cast at the New Theatre, Cambridge.
This time, he has chosen ‘Cinderella,’ in which he plays the loveable Buttons. He has assembled a good cast which keeps up the tradition of making the people (especially children) happy.
Fenella Fielding plays Prince Charming with vim and vigour and no pantomime would be complete without the Brokers’ Men, in this case Cleef and Ball, two riotous knock-abouts.
Some splendid sport for Ely coursing club
In accordance with custom, the Isle of Ely coursing club held a Boxing Day meeting at Stretham by permission of the president, Sir Frederick Hiam.
Weather conditions were bad, rain falling continuously throughout the day, but this did not upset the usual enthusiasts.
Hares were rather slow in breaking cover but there was some splendid sport, though ‘the going’ was a trifle heavy.
Cambridgeshire hunt on the silver screen
The many hundreds of people who crowded Market Hill to see the meet of the Cambridgeshire hunt on Boxing Day morning will have an opportunity of trying to pick themselves out in a special film at the Victoria Cinema.
The photography is extraordinarily good and the picturesque scene well depicted.
The spectator gets good views of various sections of the crowds and the huntsmen are seen partaking of the refreshments supplied by the mayor. Later, as the hunt moves off, we see them in King’s Parade.
Surgeon treats patients to tobacco and cigars
The childrens' corner at Addenbrooke's Hospital.
Addenbrooke's Hospital unfortunately contained many sufferers at Christmas but the season of goodwill was ushered in with the usual ceremony.
A large number of toys having been sent to the hospital, every child was able to have one. Santa Claus distributed them from a splendid Christmas tree whose adornment by means of coloured electric lights was most picturesque.
Each patient was the recipient of a parcel of clothing through the kindness of the needlework guild and Miss Bennett of Orwell.
To the patients of the men’s surgical and accident wards, Mr Joseph Clark made a present of cigars and Mr Leathart, the assistant house surgeon, gave them pipes, tobacco and cigarettes, which were greatly appreciated.
If a suitable environment is conducive to recovery from illness, the patients must have made rapid progress this Christmas.
Woman loses child born on Christmas Eve
On Christmas Eve, the parish authorities at Steeple Morden were called upon to perform a strange act of seasonal charity.
A young woman who had been seen about the neighbouring villages on the previous day gave birth to a child under a hedge by the wayside, where she had lain down to sleep, in the bitterly cold weather.
The spot was far from human habitations and, when the officials came on the scene, they found the woman in a helpless plight and the new-born child dead by her side.
28 December 1940 - History
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53 Responses to UFO Reporting Center, Latest UFO Sightings & News.
About the reported UFO landing near Dillon, Montana, August 14, 1870: One thing I should make clear about the reported UFO boarding of a hovering UFO near Townsend, Montana in early May of 1940 was that the 37-year-old miner Udo Wartena said he boarded a hoving UFO and talked for 2 hours with 2 humanoids. (This site was about 375 miles north of the 1870 Dillon, Montana reported UFO landing). Udo Wartena was a Mormon missionary. Mormon history accounts describe how 3-year serving Mormon missionaries believe in other worlds out in space that have inhabited beings and that a celestial New Jerusalem space city some 1,500 miles long and wide will come down from God out of heaven to Earth with celestial beings inside. Mormons also believe in a created Earth that obeys the laws of a celestial kingdom and fills up the measures of its creation by the Creator. If the Warren Aston account of Mormon missionary Udo Wartena boarding a hovering UFO near Townsend, Montana, early May of 1940, is true as Udo said and left typed and written accounts saying that his account was true, then on this basis one would tend to believe that Udo’s account was true as he said and wrote was true. Udo’s 1940 Montana contactee case does seem to lend weight to the 1870 Montana case some 375 miles south of Udo’s contact near Townsend or the site near Dillon, Montana.
Whatever really inspired you to write “UFOs Northwest | Your Source for UFO Sightings & InvestigationUFOs Northwest | Your Source for UFO Sightings
& Investigation”? I really honestly adored the blog post!
You say UFOs Northwest looks into UFO pictures or anything sent in that is not of the every day in the sky craft? I say what about 10-5-2011 a real something and what do I get from UFOS NW (nothing). What did I get from MUFON (nothing). It was something real and you drop the ball.
I checked my email logs and I responded to your report. I also posted a report on my site. You can read at:
I found your photos and report intriguing.
While trying to do a bit of my own investigating I happened upon your site today! I had read through a bit of the older site first, then came to this one. I am really impressed and I like all the different perspective being put out here.
I know you have hundreds of e-mails a day, however, I was wondering if you posted every experience e-mailed to your site, or if you were also okay with just discussing some experiences with people?
Thanks for the compliments. I don’t have time to post all reports. I don’t take many phone reports because they are more work to post.
Thank you for the quick response!
I don’t really care for you to post my experience unless you felt it was something you wished to do. A few years back I had this particular experience that I have never been able to explain, and I have done a lot of searching. I thought maybe e-mailing you guys might help me get a different perspective. I didn’t want to bombard you with anymore e-mail, so I had to ask first.
We appreciate your understanding. We tend to focus on recent reports as they are easier to investigate. We are only able to post around 60% of those cases.
Of course, that makes perfect sense. I don’t really care for my experience to be posted, I just want to see if you guys might have heard of what I experienced. I will most likely e-mail you soon then. Thank you for your quick and direct responses!
On December 28, 1973, “The Gulag Archipelago” by Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn was published in Paris, revealing to the West the grisly realities of Stalin's labor camps.
Solzhenitsyn wrote The Gulag Archipelago over a ten-year period, from 1958 to 1968. It was circulated in "samizdat" - underground publication - form in the Soviet Union until its official publication in 1989.
The book is a literary-historical record of political repression in the Soviet Union that came into being shortly after the October Revolution in 1917 and culminated during the Stalin era. Various sections of the work describe the arrest, interrogation, conviction, transportation, and imprisonment of the Gulag (Russian acronym for Chief Administration of Corrective Labor Camps and Colonies) victims as practiced by Soviet authorities. The book is based on the author’s own experience, personal testimonies of other inmates and historical exposition.
Before becoming an author, Solzhenitsyn was first a prisoner himself. A World War II veteran, he spent eight years in a prison camp after being sentenced for criticizing Joseph Stalin in his private letters with a close friend. He served his time at several forced labor camps where his experience would form the basis for many books that would bring him international fame.
Solzhenitsyn considered himself a witness, one of many, who had suffered in the remote Siberian camps. He saw his mission as writing about his experience as a Gulag survivor. Upon the publication of “The Gulag Archipelago” Solzhenitsyn was arrested by the KGB, his work was labeled anti-Soviet propaganda and he was charged with treason. He was deported to Frankfurt, West Germany, and stripped of his Soviet citizenship. Solzhenitsyn lived in Cologne and Zurich, Switzerland, before settling in the United States.
In 1994 Solzhenitsyn returned to Moscow after Mikhail Gorbachev dropped the treason charges against him and restored his citizenship. He died on August 3, 2008, at the age of 89. The collected works of the Russian author comprise more than 30 volumes. He was a writer, a historian and a social philosopher who was not afraid to reveal the truth about the monstrous place that was the Gulag.
The word combination “The Gulag Archipelago” has become a household phrase, often used in journalism and literature, especially in relation to the penitentiary system in the USSR in the period of 1920-1950. In 2009, the book was added to the curriculum for Russia’s high school students as compulsory reading.
Why December 28th Matters In Rock History
It’s December 28th and here are some reasons why this day matters in rock history:
In 2015, Motorhead singer Lemmy Kilmister passed away from cancer just four days after his 70th birthday.
In 1968, the Miami Pop Festival, the first major rock concert on the East Coast, took place. The three-day event featured performances from Fleetwood Mac, Three Dog Night, Grateful Dead, Procol Harum, The Turtles and many others.
In 1968, Led Zeppelin played their first ever gig in Canada at Vancouver’s Pacific Coliseum when they opened for Vanilla Fudge and the MC5.
In 1982, bassist Cliff Burton joined Metallica.
In 1978, Rolling Stone magazine named Some Girls by The Rolling Stones the Album of the Year.
And in 2001, a district court judge reduced a charge against Marilyn Manson from fourth degree sexual misconduct to disorderly conduct following an incident at a Michigan gig where the shock rocker allegedly assaulted a security guard.
Good News in History, December 28
125 years ago today, what is believed to be the first paid audience for a motion picture saw 10 short films by the Lumière brothers in Paris, including what turned out to be the birth of cinema: 46 seconds of Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory.
Auguste and Louis Lumière started in the film business as manufacturers of photography equipment, best known for their Cinématographe motion picture system. Their history-making film presentations—about 9 minutes long in total—were produced by hand-cranking their films through a projector.
WATCH the first cinema, including feeding a baby, a hose prank pulled on a gardener, and men pouring drinks while playing cards. (1895)
MORE Good News on this Date:
- Westminster Abbey was consecrated (1065)
- Cyrano de Bergerac, an Edmond Rostand play, premiered in Paris – about a real-life French dramatist and his nose (1897)
- The Peak District became the UK’s first National Park (1950)
- President Richard Nixon signed a strengthened version of the Endangered Species Act, which led to the recovery of the bald eagle and other species (1973)
- The first American test-tube baby, Elizabeth Jordan Carr, was born in Norfolk, Virginia (1981)
- Nepal‘s parliament abolished the country’s monarchy to replace it with a democratic Republic (2007)
And, 98 years ago today Stan Lee, the Marvel Comics writer and publisher who co-created Spider-Man, the Incredible Hulk, Iron Man, Thor, X-Men, and the Fantastic Four, was born.
Photo by Gage Skidmore, CC
He introduced a thoroughly shared universe into superhero comic books, and – with his knack for business – rose from being a lowly assistant who filled ink-wells to the president and chairman responsible for transforming Marvel Comics from a small division of a publishing house into a large multimedia corporation.
Marshaling his childhood ambition to be a writer, young Stanley Lieber made his comic-book debut with the text filler “Captain America Foils the Traitor’s Revenge” in Captain America Comics #3 (May 1941), using the pseudonym Stan Lee. His initial story also introduced Captain America’s trademark ricocheting shield-toss.
Charged with creating a new superhero team in the 1950’s for the company, which was then known as Atlas Comics, Lee created the Fantastic Four, and gave them human frailties complexities–a first for the industry. His characters, could have bad tempers, fits of melancholy and they bickered amongst themselves, worried about paying bills or impressing girlfriends, and even got physically ill. The comic’s popularity led to Lee’s creation of a string of new characters, including the Hulk, Thor, Iron Man, and the X-Men.
In the 70s, Lee began using comic books for social commentary, which often dealt with racism, discrimination, intolerance, or prejudice. He also introduced the practice of regularly including a credit panel on the splash page of each story, naming not just the writer and penciller but also the inker and letterer. Before he died in 2018, he had overseen the charitable Stan Lee Foundation since 2010 to focus on literacy, education and the arts, written a how-to book for writing comics, and introduced his digital graphic novel God Woke at the 2016 Comic-Con International. (1922–2018)
2014 Photo by Sachyn Mital, CC license
Happy 42nd Birthday to John Legend, the singer–pianist–composer who recently became the 15th person (and first black man) ever to achieve EGOT status (winning an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar, and Tony), after he was honored as a producer on the musical Jesus Christ Superstar Live. He scored his first big hit in 2005 with ‘Ordinary People,’ and has won 10 Grammy Awards.
Legend has also collaborated with dozens of artists, such as Jay-Z and Kanye West. His song ‘Glory’ (with rapper Common) nabbed the Oscar for Best Original Song after being featured in the film Selma. Legend’s 2013 single ‘All of Me’ from his fourth studio album—Love in the Future—became a Billboard No.1 hit. (1978)
And, Happy Birthday to Denzel Washington who turns 66 today. The acclaimed actor grew up in a blue-collar household in Mount Vernon, New York, and in Florida, after which he attended university and discovered his talent for acting while working at a summer camp. He went on to win a Tony and two Academy Awards: Best Supporting Actor for the historical war film Glory and Best Actor for the crime thriller Training Day.
Denzel’s consistently stellar performances since the 1980s included many portrayals of real-life figures such as anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko in Cry Freedom, the boxer Rubin Carter in The Hurricane, the Virginia High School football coach who fought racism in Remember the Titans, the Muslim civil rights activist Malcolm X, and the educator Melvin B. Tolson in The Great Debaters—a movie he also directed. His third film as a director, Fences, in which he also starred in 2016, was nominated for a Best Picture Oscar.
A devout Christian, he’s been married for 36 years to Pauletta Pearson, and has served as the national spokesperson and a board member for Boys & Girls Clubs of America for over a quarter century. He’s done so much for one New York City public elementary school that they decided to officially rename their school after him. WATCH Denzel earlier this year accepting the AFI Lifetime Achievement Award… (1954)