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Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée (1771-1834) Businessman: Du Pont was born in France in 1771, into an aristocratic family. His father had been an inspector general of commerce in the Royal Cabinet before the French Revolution. In 1800, after making an unsuccessful attempt to work in publishing, du Pont came to the United States. His dream of setting up a utopian French colony of émigrés in Virginia fell through because of insufficient capital. Finally, du Pont began to manufacture gunpowder. He had worked as an apprentice with Antoine Lavoisier, the great French chemist, and knew a great deal about gunpowder quality. Surprised at the lack of good-quality gunpowder available, du Pont set up the Elutherian Mills near Wilmington, Delaware, along the Brandywine Creek. In 1801, he received his first business order - a request from President Thomas Jefferson to refine some saltpeter. Although the business was in uncertain financial circumstances for a number of years, du Pont maintained his determination to succeed. He bought up his investors' holdings when they refused to reinvest in improvement and expansion, although this placed him deeply in debt. By 1811, du Pont's mills were the largest of any industry in the United States, and were turning a profit of $45,000. In 1818, there was an explosion in a factory which killed forty of his workers. Du Pont's response was to provide pensions, education, housing, and medical care for the families of the victims, although such action was neither required by law nor expected by social norms. By the time of his death, in 1834, he was worth over $300,000, and his factories in Delaware were producing over a million pounds of explosives a year. In 1935, in light of du Pont's utopian views and the prevailing pacifism of the time, the Du Pont firm adopted the slogan, "Better Things for Better Living - Through Chemistry." This helped change the public image of the firm, previously called a "merchant of death." Since then, the firm has focused primarily on synthetic consumer products. Du Pont first marketed nylon in 1938, and produces familiar trademarks such as Dacron, Duco, Mylar, and Lucite. One hundred and fifty years after its founding, Du Pont's business empire was worth almost 5,000 times as much as it was at his death.
Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée - History
By Richard Sanders, Editor, Press for Conversion!
In the 1930s, the du Pont and Morgan family empires dominated the American corporate elite and their representatives were central figures in organizing and funding the American Liberty League. The du Pont family was so complicit in this fascist organization that James Farley, FDR's postmaster general and one of his closest advisors, said the American Liberty League "ought to be called the American Cellophane League" because "first it's a Du Pont product and second, you can see right through it'" (Donald R. McCoy, Coming of Age ). Gerard Colby, in his book DuPont Dynasty , outlines the family's pivotal role in creating and funding the League. (Click here for an excerpt.) The Dickstein-McCormack Committee learned that weapons and equipment for the fascist plotters Croix de feu-like superarmy could be obtained from the Remington Arms Co., on credit through the Du Ponts. Du Pont had acquired control of the arms company in 1932.
The du Pont Co., formed in 1802 by Elèuthere Irénée du Pont de Nemours, dominated U.S. gunpowder sales for more than a century. Elèuthere I. du Ponts father, Pierre Samuel, a French economist, politician and publisher had helped negotiate the Paris Treaty to end Americas revolution. His rightwing views made French radicals very suspicious and they sentenced him to the guillotine. Somehow, he and his son, Elèuthere, were released and escaped to America, where they arrived January 1, 1800, with a vast fortune.
To challenge Englands domination of the global gunpowder trade, Napoleon helped E.I. du Pont establish an American gunpowder business in 1802. Pierre returned to France and negotiated the French sale of about a million square miles of land to America (Louisiana Purchase, 1803). Meanwhile, his son made his first gunpowder sales to a close family friend, President Thomas Jefferson.
Du Pont produced only gunpowder. They were the main supplier of this product during many wars, including:
* War of 1812 (supplying the U.S. against Britain/Canada)
* South American wars (supplying both Spain and Bolivars republics)
* Mexican-American War, 1846 (supplying the U.S.)
* Indian Wars, 1827-1896 (supplying Manifest Destinys genocidal westward expansion)
* Crimean War, 1854 (supplying both England and Russia)
* U.S. Civil war, 1861-1865 (supplying the Northern states)
* Spanish-American War, 1898 (supplying the U.S.)
* WWI, 1914-1918 (supplied all U.S. orders 40% of the Allies needs)
In 1897, when they agreed with European competitors to divide up the world, du Pont got exclusive control of gunpowder sales in the Americas. By 1905, du Pont had assets of 60 million and controlled all U.S. government orders. Du Pont bought out 100 of its American competitors and closed most of them down (1903-1907). In 1907, U.S. anti-Trust laws created two competitors for du Pont and in 1912 the government ordered du Pont to divest from some explosives production. Du Pont then diversified into newspaper publishing, chemicals, paints, varnishes, cellophane and rayon. WWI was particularly profitable. Du Pont, the worlds largest producer of dynamite and smokeless gunpowder, made unheard-of net profits of $250 million.
Between the wars, du Pont was the worlds top manufacturer of explosives, the worlds leading chemical company and the top producer of cars and synthetic rubber, another strategic war material. By the 1930s, it owned Mexican and Chilean explosive companies and a Canadian chemical company. Although still the top U.S. gunpowder supplier, this product represented only 2% of its total production.
Du Ponts General Motors Co. funded a vigilante/terrorist organization to stop unionization in its Midwestern factories. Called the Black Legion, its members wore black robes decorated with a white skull and crossbones. Concealed behind their slitted hoods, this KKK-like network of white-supremacist thugs threw bombs into union halls, set fire to labor activists homes, tortured union organizers and killed at least 50 in Detroit alone. Many of their victims were Blacks lured North by tales of good auto-plant jobs. One of their victims, Rev. Earl Little, was murdered in 1931. His son, later called Malcolm X, was then six. An earlier memory, his first, was a night-time raid in 1929 when the Legion burnt down their house. Gerard Colby had this to say about the Black Legion in his book Dupont Dynasty (1984):
"But corporate executives did not give up the tactic of vigilante groups, and on June 1, 1936, Cowdrick wrote Harry Anderson, G.M's labor relations director, to ask his opinion of the Sentinels of the Republic. Anderson was apparently unaware of Irénée du Pont's support of this organization, but offered his own home-brew alternative. "With reference to your letter of June 1 regarding the Sentinels of the Republic," he replied a few days later, "I have never heard of the organization. Maybe you could use a little Black Legion down in your country. It might help."
The "Black Legion" Anderson referred to was indeed a great help to General Motors in its struggle to prevent auto workers from unionizing. With members wearing black robes and slitted hoods adorned with white skull and crossbones, the Black Legion was the terror of Michigan and Ohio auto flelds, riding like Klansmen through the night in car caravans, bombing union halls, burning down homes of labor militants, and flogging and murdering union organizers. The organization was divided into arson squads, bombing squads, execution squads, and anti-communist squads, and membership discipline on pain of torture or death was strictly enforced. Legion cells filled G.M. factories, terrorizing workers and recruiting Ku Klux Klansmen.
Since 1933 the Black Legion's power had permeated police departments."
The Legion, claiming 200,000 members in Michigan, was divided into distinct squads, each focused on a different aspect of their work for du Pont: arson, bombing, execution and anti-communism. The Legions cells within GM factories intimidated workers, targeted Jews and recruited for the KKK. They worked together to stop Reds and unions that demanded their labour rights.
Thanks to a Senate Munitions Investigating Committee (1934-1936) that examined criminal, warprofit-eering practices of arms companies during WWI, the public learned that du Pont had led munitions companies in sabotaging a League of Nations disarmament conference in Geneva. The committees chair, Gerald Nye, said that once the munitions people of the world had made the treaty a satisfactory one to themselves. Colonel Simons [of Du Pont] is reporting that even the State Department realized, in effect, who controlled the Nation.
The du Ponts fought back against widespread public condemnation that rightly labeled them merchants of death. They claimed that communists were behind the Senate hearings, and blamed the Committee for undermining U.S. military power. In response, Chairman Nye, a Republican from North Dakota, pointing out that du Pont had made six times as many millions of dollars during WWI than during the preceding four years so naturally Mr. du Pont sees red when he sees these profits attacked by international peace.
The du Pont Co., and particularly GM, was a major contributor to Nazi military efforts to wipe communism off the map of Europe. In 1929, GM bought Adam Opel, Germanys largest car manufacturer. In 1974, a Senate Subcommittee on Antitrust and Monopoly heard evidence from researcher Bradford Snell proving that that in 1935, GM opened an Opel factory to supply the Nazis with Blitz military trucks. In appreciation, for this help, Adolf Hitler awarded GMs chief executive for overseas operations, James Mooney, with the Order of the German Eagle (first class). Besides military trucks, Germanys GM workers also producing armored cars, tanks and bomber engines.
Du Ponts GM and Rockefellers Standard Oil of New Jersey collaborated with I.G. Farben, the Nazi chemical cartel, to form Ethyl GmbH. This subsidiary, now called Ethyl Inc., built German factories to give the Nazis leaded gas fuel (synthetic tetraethyl fuel) for their military vehicles (1936-1939). Snell quotes from German records captured during the war:
"The fact that since the beginning of the war we could produce lead-tetraethyl is entirely due to the circumstances that, shortly before, the Americans [Du Pont, GM and Standard Oil] had presented us with the production plants complete with experimental knowledge. Without lead-tetraethyl the present method of warfare would be unthinkable."
Since WWII, du Pont has continued to be an instrument of U.S. government weapons production. Besides supplying plastics, rubber and textiles to military contractors, it invented various new forms of explosives and rocket propellants, manufactured numerous chemical weapons and was instrumental in building the worlds first plutonium production plant for the atomic bomb. It pumped out Agent Orange and Napalm, thus destroying millions of lives, livelihoods and whole ecosystems in Southeast Asia.
With 2,000 brand names, 100,000 employees and annual sales of $25 billion in 1998, du Pont is one of the worlds biggest corporations. Its 1939 slogan, Better Things for Better Living Through Chemistry, belies a destructive legacy that will last thousands of generations. One of the globes worst polluters, it pioneered the creation, marketing and coverup of almost every dangerous chemical toxin ever known. It now faces countless lawsuits for the adverse health and environmental effects of its products, the unsafe working conditions in its factories and the foolhardy, disposal practices it flaunts as final solutions for its waste products. Here is a small sampling of du Ponts gifts to the planet:
* Sulphur dioxide and lead paint
* CFCs: 25% of the worlds supply and almost 50% of the U.S. market.
* Herbicides and pesticides: brain damage, hormone system disruption.
* Formaldehyde: cancer and respiratory illnesses.
* Dioxins: Leading the way to create these carcinogens, du Pont then suppressed data on their deadly effects.
* Highly-processed, unnutritious products marketed as healthy food.
* Genetically modified foods and Terminator/Killer seeds threaten food security for 1.4 billion people who depend on farm-saved seeds.
* Patenting plant genes and stealing the Third Worlds genetic resources.
* Using U.S. prison labour and factories in many oppressive regimes.
* Its oil subsidiary, Conoco, provided petrochemical raw materials and caused environmental devastation.
* Du Pont is one of the worlds biggest producers of green house gases.
* Sold for 33 years, the fungicide Benlate destroyed crops, shrimp farms and caused birth defects.
* Since the 1920s, du Pont produced leaded gas which is responsible for 80-90% of the worlds environmental lead contamination. Besides fueling Nazi war machines that rolled and flew across Europe killing tens of millions, this products legacy includes retarding childrens mental health and causing hypertension in adults. Du Ponts helped stop the U.S. ban until 1996, and then increased its overseas sales.
H.C. Engelbrecht and F.C. Hanigan, Merchants of Death, 1934
Gerard Colby, Du Pont Dynasty, 1984
Charles Higham, Trading with the Enemy, 1983.
Researchers Morton Mintz and Jerry S. Cohen, in their book, "Power Inc.,
The Elkhorn Manifesto Part II, U.S. CORPORATIONS AND THE NAZIS
Source: Press for Conversion! magazine, Issue # 53, "Facing the Corporate Roots of American Fascism," March 2004. Published by the Coalition to Oppose the Arms Trade.
Order a Copy: Order a hard copy of this 54-page issue of Press for Conversion! on the fascist plot to overthrow President F.D.Roosevelt and the corporate leaders who planned and financed this failed coup.
Irénée, the most imposing and powerful member of the du Pont clan, was obsessed with Hitlers principles. He keenly followed the future Fuhrers career in the 1920s. On Sept. 7, 1926, in a speech to the American Chemical Society, he advocated a race of supermen, to be achieved by injecting special drugs into them in boyhood to make their characters to order. He insisted his men reach physical standards equivalent to that of a Marine and have blood as pure as that in the veins of the Vikings. Despite the fact that he had Jewish blood in his own veins, his anti-Semitism matched that of Hitler.
In outright defiance of Roosevelts desire to improve working conditions for the average man, GM and the Du Ponts instituted the speedup systems. These forced men to work at terrifying speeds on the assembly lines. Many died of the heat and pressure, increased by fear of losing their jobs. Irénée paid almost $1 million from his own pocket for armed and gas-equipped storm troops modeled on the Gestapo to sweep through the plants and beat up anyone who proved rebellious. He hired the Pinkerton Agency to send its swarms of detectives through the whole [du Pont] chemicals, munitions and auto empire to spy on left-wingers or other malcontents.
Source : Trading with the Enemy: An Expose of the Nazi-American Money Plot 1933-1949 , 1983.
Eleuthère Irénée du Pont (DuPont Company)
The story of the richest family in the history of the United States is filled with war, murder, and secrecy. Its also filled with great lessons about growing an enterprise from a father and son who fled France after the beheading of King Louis the XVI.
The company the family created was DuPont, a global enterprise that became the largest chemical company in the USA, the country where 28 percent of all global chemicals are produced. The company’s riches were driven by world-changing inventions such as nylon, kevlar, and teflon. But, at its roots, the company was built by making gunpowder on a beautiful creek in Wilmington, Delaware.
The DuPont company and family history has admittedly dark spots, but I want to focus instead though on the founder, Eleuthère Irénée du Pont, and what drove his initial success in the early 19th century. The enterprise growth was achieved by using modern-day business tactics we talk about often such including dominating a market with superior product, creating a strong company culture that helped it overcome incredible early obstacles, and the founder’s development of his “skills that trumped his passion”.
When Eleuthère landed in the USA in 1799 from France, the du Pont family was in fear for their lives. Eleuthère’s father served as the French Inspector General of Commerce under King Louis XVI in the late 1700s. The French Revolution was in full swing, and many of the du Pont’s friends and colleagues had been executed, including the King himself. Eleuthère and his father had both been imprisoned twice in France for defending the king, and their printing/publishing business in France had been destroyed.
Eleuthère’s father had the initial idea to come to America in order to start a new French refugee community. He gathered French investors, and sold the idea of a beautiful new land for French in the USA, though his plans for monetizing the plan were foggy. As connected as the du Pont family was in France, their sea voyage to the USA took 91 days, and they had to ask English ships for rations twice along the way. Upon arrival, they settled in Wilmington, Delaware, which had a small French community.
Eleuthère got to know the French community there and on a hunting trip noticed how horrible American gunpowder was. He thought of the idea to make a great product company in the USA for gunpowder. Eleuthère, at the encouragement of his father, had studied in Paris under Antoine Lavoisier, the father of modern chemistry. Lavoisier was the head of the French government’s gunpowder mills, and while it wasn’t Eleuthère’s initial passion, he had become a strong chemist himself. The French community in the USA encouraged Eleuthère to pursue the gunpowder company as a way to serve the burgeoning American frontier market that had massive needs for gunpowder. Little did Eleuthère know that, the coming war of 1812 and American Civil War would take DuPont to a whole new level from government orders globally.
Eleuthère purchased about 100 acres on the the Brandywine Creek in Wilmington and built the original DuPont gunpowder mill. He immediately improved the chemicals being used for gunpowder and the refining process, and relied heavily on his connections in France for guidance. DuPont soon got the attention at the highest levels of American military being praised by Thomas Jefferson. The first order came in in 1804, two years into developing the product and beginning the company in 1802. The company made 44k lbs of gunpowder that first year, then by 1812 had orders totalling 750k lbs, 17x growth.
One of the key factors for DuPont’s success was his ability to create a unique community around his company. Eleuthère almost exclusively hired French-speaking employees, most of whom, including his own family, lived on the acreage where the gunpowder was made. They lived, ate, and slept at the gunpowder mills. He found that the quality of the gunpowder made by the Frenchmen was superior than the American workers. Outside French immigrants, there were French-speaking workers that were French-Canadians and, and an enclave of French plantation owners that had fled the revolution in Haiti. Eleuthère preferred the French-Canadians because they were more accustomed to the rough American life versus many French gentleman that came and struggled with the frontier life in America.
The DuPont company community would have its biggest test in 1818 when the tranquil Brandywine Creek was interrupted by a massive gunpowder explosion that immediately killed 40 workers. Eleuthère was away on business and returned completely devastated. The deaths left hundreds of orphans and widows that all lived on the acreage. In a pivotal moment in DuPont company history and an act of Extreme Ownership, as Jocko Willink speaks of, Eleuthère took full responsibility and set up these orphans and widows with generous pensions that were by no means required by any existing American laws. Eleuthère had built massive trust within the company community after his own father had died the year before helping put out a fire in the gunpowder mill at the age of 78.
While famous for gunpowder, Eleuthère’s passion had always been gardening. His living in France was made as a printer/publisher, but he stated his occupation as “botanist” on his passport upon entering the USA at age 29. His early letters to his wife Sophie were filled with discussions of their children, and their shared passion for gardening. Even at the age of 20, Eleuthère had been trying to exclusively work as a botanist, but simply could not provide for the family and earn a living in that field.
However, Eleuthère understood the importance of building ‘rare skills’ as Cal Newport would say in “So Good They Can’t Ignore You“. In France, he put his passion to the side and apprenticed with Antoine Lavoisier, the father of modern chemistry who ran the French government’s gunpowder mills and development. These rare chemistry skills proved incredibly valuable to build the foundation of the DuPont company and later give Eleuthère incredible autonomy and wealth. In fact, it even allowed him to build an incredible legacy of gardening far beyond his own lifetime.
The gardens Eleuthère built on the Brandywine Creek were a place of great peace for the early employees of DuPont, and to this day, one can enjoy the beautiful acreages that remain at the original mills. Eleuthère wrote to a friend upon arrival in the US that “being without a garden was the greatest deprivation” he faced. But, by using his rare skills in chemistry and experience in gunpowder, as opposed to pursuing his passion, he was able to create the garden life he wanted with hundreds of species of plants from around the world and influenced the generations of DuPont family that followed to create gardens around the US including Winterhur and Longwood Gardens. Entire books have been written about Eleuthère’s passion for gardening.
Eleuthère didn’t just ignore his passion, but focused first on creating rare skills that were valuable in order to follow the passion projects he wanted that would inspire generations. The tight community he built in DuPont helped the company weather hard times in the world’s most dangerous manufacturing industry and would eventually make the family the richest in the world, for better or for worse. Finally, Eleuthère’s focus on quality product eventually drove DuPont to be the largest and most valuable chemical company in the world. In fact, the chemical industry drove innovation in the US more than any other industry in the 20th century, as 26% of all American research and development labs in existence before 1950 were formed in the chemical industry.
--> Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée, 1771-1834
Eleuthère Irénée du Pont, the son of Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours, was born in Paris on June 24, 1771. In 1787, he was accepted as a student in the Regis des Poudres, a government agency for the manufacture of gunpowder which was directed by Antoine Lavoisier. In 1800 Eleuthère Irénée du Pont emigrated to the United States and began investigating sites for a black powder manufactory. After consulting with Thomas Jefferson he established E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. on the bank of the Brandywine River, just north of Wilmington, Del. In the spring of 1803 he settled his family at Eleutherian Mills and wrote to Jefferson seeking government patronage for his new powder factory. During the 1810s du Pont was active in the Society of the State of Delaware for the Promotion of American Manufacturers, where he lobbied Congress for high tariffs. In 1822 he was named a director of the Bank of the United States. Eleuthère Irénée du Pont died in Philadelphia on October 31, 1834.
From the description of Papers, 1782-1838. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86134169
From the description of Ledger, 1814-1818. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122516448
Eleuthère Iréẹ́e du Pont was born in Paris in 1771, the younger son of Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours. Early in 1788, his father's close friend, the chemist Antoine Lavoisier, who had been appointed chief of the royal powder works, took Irénée into his laboratory at Essonnes as an apprentice. During the French Revolution when Lavoisier was removed from the Essonnes powder works, du Pont was forced to resign his position. In 1799 he emigrated to the United States and three years later established a black powder manufactory on the banks of the Brandywine River, just north of Wilmington, Delaware. Within a decade E.I. du Pont de Nemours had become one of the largest gunpowder producers in the United States.
From the description of Notes on powder making, gunpowder mills and saltpeter, 1788. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122397121
Eleuthère Irénée du Pont (1771-1834), son of Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours, was born in Paris. He was educated at the Collège Royal and in 1789 began an apprenticeship in the manufacture of black powder. He worked in the government powder mills at Essonnes under the supervision of Antoine Lavoisier. In 1800 he emigrated to the United States, where he, his father and brother, Victor du Pont, established the commission house Du Pont de Nemours, Père et Fils & Cie. In 1802 he established a black powder manufactory on the banks of the Brandywine River, just north of Wilmington, Del., and dissolved the New York commission house, which was only marginally profitable.
By the War of 1812 E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., which had adopted European technology to the American environment, had become one of the largest powder producers in the United States. E.I. du Pont and his sons were active in Whig Party politics, as they were supporters of high protective tariff. On this and other issues he strongly identified with Henry Clay. In 1822 E.I. du Pont was named Director of the Bank of the United States, a position he held until shortly before his death.
From the description of Papers, 1771-1922. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122516430
His death and his legacy
Du Pont died on 31 October 1834, at Eleutherian Mills, near Greenville.
The company he founded would become one of the largest and most successful American corporations. His sons, Alfred V. du Pont (1798–1856) and Henry du Pont (1812–1889), managed the plant after his death, assisted by his son-in-law, Antoine Bidermann. His grandson, Lammot du Pont I (1831–1884), was the first president of the United States Gunpowder Trade Association, popularly known as the Powder Trust. [ 2 ]
Founder Eleuthere Irenee du Pont
Eleuthere Irenee du Pont was born in 1771 in the
city of Paris (DuPont 6). At the time, farming was the main source of income
for families not born into royalty or nobility. Irenee had been working as a
printer in Paris (DuPont 6). Most of the industry in France, and there was
little, was owned by government or controlled by business monopolies. He went
under a very promising apprenticeship to Antoine Lavoisier, who taught him the
process of making gunpowder (DuPont 6). Unfortunately, Lavoisier was
guillotined later on and left Irenee with a decision to make. He had a large
family to support and France was in instable right now. He chose to go to
America where there was lots of opportunity. During this time, America had just
won the American Revolution and was recuperating. When he arrived in America,
it wasn’t yet a real civilized nation. Most people had started moving onto the
frontier, which is where he went. His whole gunpowder business started one day
while he was hunting. The guns back then used gunpowder to fire, and the
American gunpowder was of very poor quality. He decided he would go back to
France and raise the money he needed to construct a gunpowder mill. He knew the
process of making gunpowder very well. It only required three ingredients and
they were charcoal, saltpeter, and sulfur (DuPont 11). Now with the startup
cost covered, all he had to do was find a place to build this mill. He searched
many places and eventually settled on the site of a former cotton mill, on the
Brandywine River, Wilmington. For many years of his business, he was in major
debt. Soon however, business picked up quickly and profit started to come in.
Then a huge boost came by the name of The War of 1812. It required so much
production that Du Pont had to purchase more land so that he could produce more
gunpowder and he called it the Hagley Yards (DuPont 21) . This gunpowder
business started out small, but eventually became a huge, beneficial business
to the growing nation. Sadly, Du Pont died in 1834, leaving behind a massive
mill that still stands today. He was greatly mourned and loved by everyone who
Du Pont, Sophie Madeleine, 1810-1888.
Sophie Madeleine Du Pont was the youngest daughter of Eleuthère Irénée and Sophie Dalmas du Pont. E. I. du Pont was the founder of the black powder manufacturing company, E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. Sophie was raised at Eleutherian Mills, the house that her father built on the bluff overlooking his black powder manufactory. Sophie and her siblings learned English but French was the language of the du Pont home. Eleuthère Irénée emigrated to the United States from France in 1802). In June of 1833 Sophie Du Pont married her cousin Midshipman Samuel Francis Du Pont. They established a household at Louviers across the Brandywine River from Eleutherian Mills. During the next thirty-two years Samuel Francis Du Pont was at sea much of the time and Sophie remained at home. She was involved in religious activities (at Christ Church), reading, teaching (at Sunday School) and missionary efforts. Her husband died in 1865 and Sophie spent much of her remaining life collecting his papers and attempting to rehabilitate his reputation which had suffered after he was blamed for the failure of the Union Navy's attack on Charleston.
From the description of Papers, 1818-1892. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122579669
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Does hospital dropping du Pont family name mean it’s lost its cache?
The philanthropy and profound influence of the wealthy du Pont family in Delaware has been in evidence for more than 200 years.
The red, oval DuPont Co. logo, once atop the Brandywine Building and a major part of skyline in downtown Wilmington, was both a beacon and reminder to residents and visitors about the most prominent company and family in the state.
Members of the du Pont family became leaders in Delaware’s economy, society and public life.
Schools, buildings, roadways, a major hotel and a country club are some of the other landmarks in the state that bear the du Pont name, although sometimes the company and family name have different capitalizations and spacing.
The du Ponts, are “the bedrock upon which life is based in Delaware,” historian Carol E. Hoffecker, a native Delawarean who has written numerous books and journal articles about the state, told The News Journal in 2000.
“The philanthropic activities of these people were essential,” she said.
But does the du Pont name still have the cachet it once had in Delaware, and well beyond state lines?
Some might say the influence waned when the family, who led the DuPont Co. for most of the 20th century, ended its control in the 1970s.
But an even more recent sign about a shift in culture is the announcement that by late summer Nemours/A.I. duPont Hospital for Children in Rockland, as well as a hospital run by the organization in Orlando, Florida, will be dropping the name of founder Alfred I. duPont.
The hospital, which has carried the du Pont name in Delaware for more than 80 years, will be rebranded as Nemours Children’s Hospital.
Alfred I. duPont, a Wilmington native, industrialist and financier, funded pensions for the elderly in Delaware and wanted to aid handicapped children.Earlier:Nemours/A.I. duPont Hospital for Children to change its name this summer
After his 1935 death at age 70, he willed much of his fortune for the establishment of what is now considered one of the nation’s best children’s hospitals, offering, among other things, world-class pediatric orthopedic care.
But now, only the “campus” in Rockland surrounding the hospital, including duPont’s lavish, open-to-the-public Nemours estate and gardens and the bell tower under which he is buried (along with his dog, wife and brother-in-law), is keeping his name.
Dr. Larry Moss, CEO of the health system which will become Nemours Children’s Health in August, said the change is being made because the organization is seeking a more national presence.
“Mr. duPont’s name is by no means going away and by no means going to be any less emphasized,” he told Delaware Online/The News Journal.
But du Pont family member Tatiana Copeland doesn’t see it that way.
“There is something wrong with this picture. It doesn’t seem right,” said Copeland, a Delaware resident. “My first feeling when I read about [the name change] was I felt sad. Was this necessary?”
Tatiana and her husband Gerret, great-great-great-grandson of DuPont’s founder, Eleuthère Irénée du Pont and the son of the DuPont Co.’s 11th president Lammot du Pont Copeland, are well-known for their commitment and funding for arts and culture in Delaware.
The couple has continued the du Pont legacy of philanthropy in the modern era by giving substantial sums of money to the area’s nonprofit institutions, including the Delaware Art Museum, Longwood Gardens and the Brandywine Valley SPCA.
Copeland said Alfred I. duPont’s contributions to the hospital should not be cast aside.
“A.I. is the one who started it and funded it and that name should have been kept,” she said. “Today’s world doesn’t value tradition. It’s a new world and a different world and you can see that in this name change.”
Copeland isn’t alone in her opinion that dropping duPont’s name is a sign of disrespect.
“Erasing history!” wrote one commenter on Delaware Online’s Facebook page.
Another said, “the consistent branding makes sense. But when they say it isn’t de-emphasizing his name, they give the impression that they [are] either fans of George Orwell, or they don’t understand what the word ‘de-emphasizing’ means – because that is precisely what they are doing, and they should just own that.”
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Still, others believe state residents simply will refer to the hospital as they have always done, no matter what the sign on the door reads.
“Well, a lot of us Delawareans still refer to Walgreens as ‘Happy Harry’s’ so I’m betting that most of us will continue to call the hospital A. I. duPont,” a Facebook commenter wrote.
The du Pont family has had a hold on the state not long after Pierre Samuel du Pont de Neumors, a nobleman in the court of King Louis XVI, escaped the guillotine after the French Revolution and came to the United States in 1800 with his son Eleuthère Irénée du Pont, a chemist.
Irénée started the DuPont Co. two years later when he began manufacturing gunpowder on the banks of the Brandywine, north of Wilmington.
It didn’t hurt that du Pont had encouragement of longtime family friend President Thomas Jefferson, who sent the company its first order.
E. I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. became one of the most successful corporations in the country. In 1822, du Pont was named a director of the Bank of the United States.
By World War I, the company had a near monopoly on the munitions market, before moving into other industries such as automobiles, media, plastics, paints, textiles and dyes, and later chemicals, life sciences and pharmaceuticals.
The DuPont Co. had family members among its highest ranks and kept its headquarters in Wilmington in a building called, not surprisingly, the DuPont Building.
The company, known locally as “Uncle Dupie,” has employed thousands in the state, many who stayed there for their entire careers and were rewarded with generous pensions. Generations of Delawareans knew it as one of the state’s top employers and admired the company’s sense of pride, loyalty and safety-first priorities.
Over the years, Delaware’s museums, like Winterthur, Hagley, Delaware Natural History and Delaware Art Museum, churches such as Christ Church Christiana Hundred, and theaters like Wilmington’s Playhouse were founded and funded with du Pont money.
The Greenville Country Club, Mount Cuba Center and Brantwyn Mansion, where many Delawareans hold wedding receptions, were former du Pont family homes.
The exclusive Bidermann Golf Club was originally the nine-hole private course of Winterthur founder Henry Francis du Pont, who also once owned the land that is now home to the Wilmington Country Club. Henry Francis du Pont’s father Henry A. du Pont was twice a U.S. senator.
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Delaware’s Route 13, the state’s major north-south roadway, was started by T. Coleman du Pont, another former U.S. Senator. He also owned hotels, including the Waldorf- Astoria Hotel in New York City, the Willard Hotel in Washington, D.C., and the Bellevue-Stratford Hotel in Philadelphia.
Coleman’s cousin Pierre du Pont spent millions to improve the state’s public schools.
Pierre also made sure his estate Longwood Gardens, more than 1,077 acres of lush gardens just over the Delaware state line in Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, would remain open to public and thrive after his 1954 death.
Nemours/Alfred I. duPont Hospital for Children is the legacy of Alfred I. duPont, who with his cousins Pierre and T. Coleman founded the modern-day DuPont Co. and saved it from being sold in 1902.
Alfred I. duPont, an orphan by age 13, was a man who was used to getting, and doing things, his way.
He dropped out of Massachusetts Institute of Technology at age 20 to work in the family powder yards, like four generations before him. DuPont worked his way up the ladder to a top leadership position, but there was no love lost between the cousins.
A dispute over stock holdings between Alfred and Pierre would forever harm their relationship, according to archives in the Delaware Historical Society. In 1916, Alfred was forced to leave the company.
Alfred’s strained relations with du Pont family members also simmered when he divorced his first wife, Bessie, who also was his cousin. In 1906. Alfred then cut off contact with her and their children except for his eldest, Madeleine duPont.
He further infuriated family when, with a week’s notice, he evicted his hated ex-wife from the family home, Swamp Hall, off Brecks Lane on the south side of the Brandywine near Hagley. He then had Swamp Hall razed.
In 1909, Alfred began construction on the opulent Nemours estate off Rockland Road for his new wife, Alicia. He named it after the duPont family’s ancestral home in France.
Changing the Face of the Fiber IndustryAn advertisement for Wash and Wear clothing.
In the days when natural fiber clothing had no alternative, ironing was a daily drudgery for women across America. Clothes all had to be washed, dried, and then pressed with a hot iron before they could be worn again. This time-consuming task was a great deal of work for women with families.
When manufactured fibers began to really take hold in the fiber market, this began to change. In 1952, the term "wash and wear" came out to describe the ease of using clothes made from a cotton/acrylic blend.
Over time, manufactured fiber research moved away from researching new base polymers and into refining the fibers already developed. This refinement resulted in even better products made from manufactured fibers. It also produced more manufactured fibers blended with natural fibers.The G3C space suit was made from six layers of nylon.
In the 1960s and 1970s, polyester-blend fabrics became the norm. Clothes dryers left this type of clothing clean and wrinkle-free. Colors lasted longer than before and fabrics were less likely to wear out or fray than older materials. By this point about 40% of the fiber market was held by these modern manufactured fibers.
Despite all these advances, nylon continued to be trusted in more and more products as technology, science, and other industries expanded and developed. NASA utilized nylon in various ways. Neil Armstrong's suit and the American flag he planted on the moon contained nylon. Even rockets contained polymer products as a means of reducing weight and fuel expense while leaving the atmosphere.
Du Pont Chemical Co.
Continued from the The Du Pont Family article.
Jefferson, who was a Grand Orient Mason of the famous Nine Sisters Lodge, and apparently a key Illuminatus, was a close friend of Pierre Samuel and was instrumental at several key points in Pierre Samuel’s life when he needed help. Jefferson arranged for the first gunpowder order, when the Du Ponts went into the gunpowder business.
Benjamin Franklin, a key leader of several secret occult fraternal groups was also a close friend of Pierre Samuel. When Benjamin Franklin arrived Dec. 1776 in France, one of the first people he sought out to visit with was Pierre Samuel DuPont. During the next year after that, du Pont was a frequent visitor to Franklin’s residence in the village of Passy.
In 1783, du Pont expected to sit with Franklin at the treaty table in Paris, but John Adams got the Americans to sign a treaty with Britain without France’s involvement. Alexander Hamilton, whose role in the conspiracy is now known, was du Pont’s lawyer in the U.S.
GUNPOWDERMAN BECOMES DIRECTOR OF NATIONAL BANK
Later in the United States, after successfully setting up the best gunpowder factory in the world, Eleuthère Irenée DuPont was selected along with his friend Nicholas Biddle to be a director of Hamilton’s creation the United States Bank. Remember that Astor was also selected as a director of this “National” Bank.
The Mason Stephen Girard (1750-1831), initiated into Masonry in 1788 in Charleston, S.C., helped establish the second Bank of United States in 1816 and served as its director. Girard had amassed a $9 million fortune by the time of his death. He was born in France, and become a sea captain. Where his money came from is somewhat of a mystery. He gave large sums of his money to masonic charity.
EARLY YEARS IN AMERICA
On Jan. 3, 1800, the du Pont tribe arrived in the United States with grandiose plans. Part of the plans were to create a new society. While Victor Marie and his father pursued grandiose schemes that failed miserably, Eleuthère lrénée DuPont started a gunpowder business in Delaware. Irénée’s success can be attributed to several factors:-
·The french government gave him top secret machinery and plans to produce the best gunpowder possible in that day. It was state-of-the-art technology, and they supplied manpower to help get started.
·The DuPonts had friends in various places that helped them in numerous ways, getting financing, business, land, etc.
·Eleuthère lrénée DuPont was intelligent, worked very hard and worked with patience.
If he hadn’t had so many commendable qualities, then the du Pont family may have sunk back in history and another family taken their place.
Both families were close friends with Thomas Jefferson and Albert Gallatin, I have concluded that both Thomas Jefferson and Albert Gallatin were Illuminati. Further, I discovered in a forty volume set on American Statesmen that Albert Gallatin claimed to be descended from the ancient Roman Consul Callatinus. Incredible as it may seem, the black nobility have kept track of their bloodlines.
The same people ruling the world today are in many ways the descendants of the rulers in past ages. Antoine Charles Cazenove, born in Geneva, Sw. was a business partner with Albert Gallatin. During the War of 1812, the DuPont gunpowder factory since it was the primary American powder company, was the known target for the British to destroy. However, the British never attacked it!
The du Ponts had organized a local militia called the Brandy-wine Rangers. Interestingly, their militia flag was a beehive on white silk. Lafayette visited the du Ponts in Delaware the summer of 1825. Another important Mason who would visit the du Ponts was Henry Clay who was the American Secretary of State and head of the whig party. Henry Clay was Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Kentucky and Grand Orator for the G.L. 1806-09.
He was one of the Freemasons involved in a high level meeting that used the U.S. Senate Chambers on Mar. 9, 1822 for their meeting. If the du Ponts were already one of the primary top families, it may well be Clay was coming to them for guidance on how to steer the nation. The du Ponts played a role in the building of the American capital, which was laid out and constructed with numerous occult patterns.
The Du Pont gunpowder factories dominated the industry. Within only a short time after getting started in 1802 they had the best quality gunpowder in the world for the general market. Every war the United States has fought starting in 1802, has depended upon Du Pont gunpowder. Henry du Pont (1812-1889) took over command of the gunpowder manufacturing when he was thirty-eight.
He was very authoritarian and was known as Boss Henry. His narrow-minded, backward and authoritarian thinking ran the du Pont company into the ground in spite of their control of the gunpowder market. When he died, Alfred I. du Pont, Pierre Samuel du Pont II (1870-1954), and Thomas Coleman du Pont (1863-1930) took over various DuPont manufacturing affairs. This triumvirate revived the aging Du Pont factories.
They bought out the rest of the gunpowder manufacturers, giving them an absolute monopoly in the munitions industry. They modernized the Du Pont factories and put the Du Pont businesses back Into top shape. On August 22, 1857 the du Ponts lost their first family member to an explosion, Alexis duPont.
The du Ponts had always been in the forefront on safety at their gunpowder factories, but that did not prevent them from having to suffer repeated explosions over the years. In 1872, Henry duPont brought together Laflin & Rand and Hazard Powder Co. in order to form a Gun Powder Trade Association.
What the Association did was to eliminate competition between the three largest manufacturers of gunpowder, and create a monopoly for this cartel. Eventually DuPont bought out the other two plus numerous other small gunpowder companies. I suggest that everyone who believes that the DuPonts and the rest of the elite are capitalists, should take another look at history.
These men do not believe in capitalism, they believe in monopolies, which boils down to the same thing that occurs under communism. When these people described their setting up a monopoly they call it “bringing order and stability to a fragmented and chaotic industry”. In 1889, Alfred I. du Pont attempted to bribe French officers in charge of the production of smokeless gunpowder to give the secrets to him.
But no amount of bribe would work, as the Frenchmen knew they would lose their lives if they gave the secrets to him. The British were not any more helpful. Life was not all peaches and cream. Fred was murdered. William du Pont (1855-1928) was trapped in a marriage with a duPont cousin, May du Pont, that he didn’t want to be married to. Louis Cazenove du Pont a handsome, intelligent young man, committed suicide with a bullet in the library at the Wilmington Club.
Alfred was shot in the face by accident on a hunting trip. The du Pont family had their share of heartaches, broken marriages, insanity, etc. When Mary Belin married into the family she brought some Jewish blood. As a major part of the budding military industrial complex the Du Ponts during the 19th century had to work with the army and navy.
The army and navy convinced them to implement a contract with the Coopal Co. in Belgium for smokeless powder, which when the formula was received was found to be inferior to what the Americans were already producing. However, this whole episode ended with the Du Ponts going with their own formula and setting up a new plant at Carney’s Point, New Jersey.
This hits the highlights of the family history in their first 100 years in this nation. To celebrate their first hundred years, every living descendant of the first Pierre Samuel was invited to a great banquet. A building was built to house them.
They numbered over 100. At each person’s table setting was a special gift of a gold coin, prepared especially to commemorate this centennial. On Jan. 1, 1900, the DuPont tribe celebrated. The Du Ponts are shrouded in so much secrecy, that their secrecy is not even known.
When Eugene DuPont, the chief executive of the family gunpowder business died near the turn of the century, none of the other Du Ponts hardly even a vague idea of how much the company was worth or what assets it had.
At that time the Du Ponts had powder plants in PA, DEL, Iowa, and TN. The Du Ponts are much the same today, except that their assets are perhaps ten times better hidden, not only from outsiders but from themselves. The Du Ponts have in general made their money the hard way, by working and producing, in contrast to the other top families.
The Du Ponts are to be commended on this, even if at times they have been very tight on what they have given their workers. The Du Ponts have also shown an amazing ability to keep their dynasty alive. There seems to be an increasing invisibility to their family.
3 COUSINS SAVED THE DUPONT COMPANY IN 1902
The successful three Du Ponts, Alfred, Coleman, and Pierre that together took over the gunpowder factories ended up in some serious infighting after a few years. Alfred divorced his wife to marry his cousin, and the Coleman and many of the others did not approve of the marriage. Alfred and the others got into some serious family infighting. In 1913, Alfred at one point letting his rage get the better of him, got the Delaware legislature to pass a special law changing his first wife’s sons name to spite her.
The special law passed the House in four hours secretly at Alfred’s request but failed by two votes in the Senate after the other Du Ponts found out what Alfred was trying. Alfred built his cousin-wife Alicia the most expensive house on the east coast. In 1910 dollars, the lowest estimate is $2 million, but the actual cost may easily have been several times that. The name of the mansion was named Nemours.
The main grounds of the Nemours estate are 400 acres enclosed by an 9-ft. wall. Broken glass was embedded in the concrete on top of the wall. Beyond the 400 are 2,000 acres that make up the estate. From 1906 until 1920, the du Pont family broke up into two factions that waged a civil war in various arenas. Alfred I. DuPont led a political campaign that fought the corruption of Coleman DuPont’s forces. Up to that time politics, voting and vote counting were totally corrupt.
By April, 1918 Alfred had defeated Coleman for control of Delaware’s politics. In 1911, Alfred bought the principle daily paper in the area the Wilmington Morning News. In 1916, after successfully blocking his uncle Henry A. duPont from being reelected, Alfred duPont bought control of 9 Delaware newspapers.
GERMAN DYE TRUST
The company had $9 million surplus in its treasury. The result was that Du Pont absorbed General Motors. The Du Ponts also went Into the chemical business. The American government had seized the German Dye Trust, and the Du Ponts were given their patents. The Du Ponts began to build a great chemical empire on the synthetic, such as shatterproof glass, paints, rayon, nylon, dyes, photographic film, rubber, chemicals, drugs, etc.
Only the Dow Chemical Company is any competition with the DuPont chemical operation. Alfred Victor du Pont (Alfred I.’s son) served only as a private in the marines during W.W. I and was on board several ships. And yet for some reason when W.W. 11 broke out, he was made a consultant to the Joint Chiefs of Staff from 1943 to 1945. He was an Episcopalian. Emile Francis du Pont (1898- ) graduated from Yale, like a number of du Ponts have.
DU PONT INDUSTRIES
Du Pont saved GM from extinction after W.W.I and has watched over GM since. Robert L duPont, Jr. is a research psychiatrist. He has done research at Harvard. He was the delegate for the US. at United Nations Commission on Narcotic drugs (1973-78). He is especially knowledgeable about what drugs will do to a person, which is an area of his research. And Francis Marguerite du Pont (born 1944 in Duluth, Minn.) is deep into research into genetics.
Those of us, who know what these people want to do, cringe when we see that some of the top genetic researchers are connected with Satanic families. Every American almost everyday uses a Du Pont product. When I began learning what the Du Pont industries produce it is utterly astonishing. Anything that involves chemicals is under their production. Herbivores and fertilizers for farming. cosmetics and nylons for women, chemicals for all types of industrial production, textiles of all kinds, cleaning fluids such as when your clothes are dry cleaned.
Most of us are using Du Pont products almost continuously all through the day! General Motors, the explosives and gunpowder monopoly, the chemical monopoly (which is tens of thousands of products) gives the du Ponts enormous financial leverage. The Du Ponts obviously are in close cooperation with the elite involved with oil, because so many of their products are derivatives of petroleum products. In 1940, it was estimated the du Pont famIly was worth $5 billion. Today, their total worth must be many billions of dollars, not to mention the enormous power they wield. The very survival of the United States military is dependent upon the military products of the Du Ponts.
Some of Du Pont’s research is in “risky” areas, that means that it is difficult to see how the research can financially benefit the company. This has been admitted by the company. The Aviation Week and Space Technology, 10/26/92 issue, talks about the sophisticated composite materials that Du Pont is producing for state of the art space and aviation vehicles. I imagine some of these composite materials are finding there way to the secret UFO bases, and DuPont may well be producing some of the parts for these secret anti-gravity machines.
The article states that Boeing Defense and Space Group, Lockhead Aeronautical Systems Co., General Dynamics and DuPont and Hercules, Inc. are working together on aeronautics projects. Boeing and Lockhead are definitely involved with the production of flying saucers, so this may be a good clue that DuPont is too. The article states that DuPont has been a leading supplier for advanced US military programs.
An example of the sophisticated materials that the DuPonts are producing is XTC the first recyclable, class-A finish thermoplastic sheet molding compound for horizontal exterior body panels. It is a flexible, porous interwoven sheet of polyethylene berephthalate-impregnated long-glass fiber. General Motors (DuPonts) selected the material for use on their air-intake manifold on certain 1993 V-6 engines.
Automotive Show Features Lots of Toughened Materials”, by Stuart A. Wood, April 1992 issue, The CEO of E.l. du Pont de Nemours & Co. is Edgar Woolard who took over in 1989. Edgar is innovative which will be beneficial in the s with all the upheavals coming. One item that the Illuminati have planned is to put things into our major city water supplies. Interestingly, DuPont has research facilities and a Chamber’s Work facility in Deepwater, New Jersey which both deal with water treatment.
Main Reference :- https://www.cia.gov/library/abbottabad-compound/FC/
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